36884330-Anatomy-Summary.doc - Skull Cranium (Brain case)...

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SkullCranium (Brain case) or Facial skeleton or Neurocranium or Viscerocranium.Calvaria Cranial base or Cranial Vault or Base of skull or Upper part of brain case.The 8 Bones of cranium (4 single and 2 paired)Frontal bone (single)Ethmoid bone (single)Sphenoid bone (single)Occipital bone (single)Parietal bone (paired)Temporal bone (paired)The 14 Bones of facial skeleton (2single and 6 paired)Vomer (single)Nasal bone (paired)Lacrimal bone (paired)Inferior concha (paired)Palatine bone (paired)Zygomatic bone (paired)Maxilla (paired)Mandible (single=two halves)Skull: Exterior views1.Norma Verticalis (Superior View)Bones: Frontal, Parietals, Occipital (squamous part)Sutures: Coronal, Sagittal, Lambdoid, Frontal (Metopic) [occasional]Features: Parietal eminence, Bregma, LambdaForamen: Parietal2.Norma Frontalis (Anterior View)Bones: Frontal, Nasal, Maxilla, ZygomaticFeatures: Supercilary arches, Glabella, Nasion, Orbit, Anterior nasal aperture, Anteriornasal spineForamina: Infraorbital, Zygomaticofacial3.Norma Lateralis (Lateral View)Bones: Frontal, Parietal, Sphenoid (greater wing), Temporal (squamous part , andzygomatic, mastoid and styloid processes), Occipital, Zygomatic, MaxillaFeatures: Pterion, Superior and Inferior temporal lines, Supramastoid crest, Temporalfossa, Infratemporal fossa, Pterygopalatine fossaForamina: External accoustic meatus, Zygomaticotemporal foramen4.Norma Occipitalis (Posterior view)Bones: Parietals, Occipital, Temporal, (mastoid part)1
Sutures: Lambdoid, Parietomastoid, OccipitomastoidFeatures: External occipital protuberance, Superior nuchal line, Inferior nuchal line,Inion5.Norma Basalis (Inferior View)Bones: Maxilla (Palatine processes, alveolar processes), Palatine (Horizontal plate),Sphenoid (Body, greater wings, and medial and lateral pterygoid plates), Temporal(Squamous, petromastoid, and tympanic parts), Occipital (Basilar and squamousparts)Features: Incissive fossa, Posterior nasal spine, Pharyngeal tubercle, Pterygoid fossa,Scaphoid fossa, Pterygoid hamulus, Infratemporal crest, Spine of sphenoid,Mandibular fossa, Articular tubercle, Jugular fossa, Styloid process, Occipital condyle,Mastoid process, Mastoid notch (groove for posterior belly of digastric muscle),External occipital crest, Superior and inferior nuchal lines, External occipitalprotuberanceForamina: Incisive Greater and lesser palatine, Foramen ovale, Foramen spinosum,Foramen lacerum, Opening for auditory tube, Carotid canal, Pterygoid canal, Foramenmagnum, Hypoglossal canal, Jugular foramen, Stylomastoid foramen, Posterior nasalapertures (choanae)Skull: Interior1.Inner aspect of the calvaria (vault)Bones: Frontal, Parietal, OccipitalFeatures: Frontal crest, Groove for superior sagittal sinus, Groove for brances ofmiddle meningeal vessels, Depressions for arachnoid granulationsForamina: Parietal2.Cranial FossaeAnterior Cranial FossaBones: Frontal (orbital plates), Ethmoid (cribriform plate), Sphenoid (lesser wings andjugum)Features: Crista galli, Anterior clinoid processForamina: Cribriform plate foramina, Foramen caecum, Nasal slits

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Term
Fall
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Bones of the head and neck, frontal bone

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