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AP EuroPeriod 412/11/2011Scientific Revolution/EnlightenmentA.The Scientific Revolutiona.Identify the Following:a.i.Copernicus (1473-1543):
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a.iv.Newton (1642-1727):a.iv.1.He invented calculus, investigated the composition oflight, and began working on his law of universal gravitationwhile he was at Cambridge. From 1684-1686, he wrotePrincipia. He became the master of the royal mint by 1699.He was made president of the Royal Society in 1703 andknighted in 1705 for great achievements. He is the onlyEnglish scientist buried at Westminster Abbey. Even thoughhe was a modern scientist, he studied alchemy. His world-machine (the universe as one uniform machine that operatedby following natural laws in absolute time, space, andmotion) dominated the Western worldview until the 20thcentury Einsteinian revolution.a.v.Vesalius (1514-1564):a.v.1.He studied medicine and the works of Galen at Paris.Galen's discovered text,On Anatomical Procedures, helpedVesalius see that practical research would help him betterunderstand human anatomy. He received a doctorate inmedicine at the University of Padua in 1536 and accepted aposition there as a professor of surgery. In 1543, hepublishedOn the Fabric of the Human Body, a book basedon Paduan lectures in which he dissected a body to showwhat he was explaining. His hands-on methods allowed himto fix some errors that Galen had made, but not all of them.a.vi.Harvey (1578-1657):a.vi.1.He attended Cambridge and Padua and received hisdoctorate of medicine in 1602. He published his major work,On the Motion of the Heart and Blood, in 1628. His work,