Functionalist Theory Part Two - The development of American sociological theory The Chicago school Some key thinkers of the Chicago school o Robert park

Functionalist Theory Part Two - The development of American...

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The development of American sociological theory The Chicago school Some key thinkers of the Chicago school oRobert park Was one of the leading sociologists in the united states, played an important role in the Chicago school He was also well schooled in European sociology and, brought influence of Europe sociology into American sociology He was also interested in Urban problems he studied this by going out and collecting data, through personal observation. This then paved the way to urban sociology. This also contributed to the whole methodological approach to sociology in the Chicago school for qualitative methods oWilliam ThomasLooked at macro sociological structures, to a focus on micro sociological study on macro interactionsSocial psychological principle (that Thomas is well known for) "if men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences." What he meant by this was that how people interpret a social situation effects how they behave in that social situation, and what will happen in the situation How the social actor acts in the situation, the definition of the situation Thomas was concerned with micro sociology brought something knew to sociology which was a key aspect to the Chicago school which was micro sociology 2 theorists who also helped with the development of micro sociology were Cooley, and Mead oCharles Horton CooleyStarted looking at macro sociology and then switched to micro sociology Looked at three important aspects in sociology and came up with The looking glass selfThe first element of the looking glass self is we imagine how we appear to others The second element is that we imagine what their judgement of that appearance must be The third element is that we develop a positive or negative self feeling as a result of our imagining the judgement of others After going through this process we develop a sense of self Primary groups Primary groups are small intimate groups and these small groupslink individuals to the larger society (the family and the peer group) It is through the family and through the peer group that children develop the looking glass self a.Sympathetic introspection Cooley thought that sociologists should try to put themselves in the place of the individuals they are studying. Its only by putting themselves in those situations that we can begin to understand the meanings and motives behind social behaviour oGeorge Herbert MeadHad interests that were similar to Cooley but Mead had a bigger impact on sociological theory then Cooley

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