Terminology_alphabetically - EBME 202 Terminology and...

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EBME 202 Terminology and Abbreviations TERM DEFINITION Syllabus section (Body System) ANS autonomic nervous system Basics (General) Ach acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter released at autonomic synapses and neuromuscular junctions Basics (ANS) ACM alveolar capillary cembrane: the rate limiting interface in O 2 /CO 2 transport in the lung Respiratory Actuator a device for moving or controlling something; activated by error signal Basics (General) ADH antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin: hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland; it reduces urine flow by increasing reabsorption of water by the kidneys Basics (ANS) ADP adenosine diphosphate: an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage Basics (Cell) Afferent/efferent arteriole Afferent arterioles brings the blood to the glomeruli. After passing through the glomerular capillaries, blood leaves through the efferent arterioles to enter a second capillary network, the peritubular capillaries, which surround the tubules and then leave via renal venules. Renal Albumin the most abundant protein in blood. It is produced primarily in the liver and is important for maintaining plasma volume and osmotic pressure of circulating blood Basics (Cell) Albumin the most plentiful protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of its osmotic pressure. Cardiovascular ALH ascending loop of Henle Renal Alveoli tiny sacs for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways Respiratory Angiotensin a neuroactive hormone involved in the regulation of blood osmolarity and water balance Renal Anterior pituitary (or adenohypophysis) anterior part of the pituitary; secrets hormones necessary for control of metabolic functions througout the body Basics (ANS) Anti- acetylcholinesterases medications used to prevent acetylcholine breakdown and prolong its action Basics (ANS) Aortic relating to the aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries) Cardiovascular Arteries large blood vessels that carry blood with oxygen from the heart to all parts of the body Cardiovascular Arterioles small arteries Cardiovascular Asthma respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin Respiratory ATP adenosine triphosphate: the major source of energy for cellular reactions Basics (Cell) Autoregulation processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism Cardiovascular AV atrioventricular node: special conduction center in the heart. It is located between the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart and receives the electrical impulse from the upper chambers (atria) of the heart and passes it downward into the ventricles. Cardiovascular Azotemia accumulation in the blood of nitrogen-bearing waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine Renal Bohr/Haldane effect Increase in blood partial CO 2 pressure and decrease in blood pH decrease the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course EBME 202 taught by Professor Cechner during the Spring '07 term at Case Western.

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Terminology_alphabetically - EBME 202 Terminology and...

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