MODULE 4.docx - MODULE 4 GE 2 READINGS IN PHILIPPINE...

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MODULE 4 GE 2: READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY
RPH HISTORY AND PHILIPPINE OBJECTIVES Discuss the development of historiography, particularly Philippine historiography. Discuss the importance of history in the creation of national identities and development and make I part of Filipino consciousness. OVERVIEW This episode discusses the Philippine historiography and its development. CONTENT History and Philippine Historiography Development of Philippine Historiography RESOURCES REFERENCES (Refer to the syllabus for detailed information.) B, G, F.F, S.S, U.U, C.C.C, F.F.F, G.G.G BOOKS Ariola, Mariano M. (2018). Readings in Philippine History, Cabildo St., Intramuros, Manila. Unlimited Books Library Services & Publishing Inc. Rosales, Amilia C. (2020). Understanding Philippine History: Readings and Discourse. Cubao, Quezon City, Metro Manila. Lorimar Publishing Inc.
PHILIPPINE HISTORIOGRAPHY Historiography is the art of writing, also refers to the theory and history of historical writing. It also refers to the theory and history of historical writing. The term historiography is rooted from the Greek word historia which means past and graphier which means to write. Although the writing of history can be traced thousands of years ago, historiography, the scientific way of writing history, gained prominence only in the early 1900s. Recent developments in historiography broadened the bases of history. The new historicism pioneered by Michel Foucault provided new perspectives in terms of historical interpretation. Data like oral history, folklore, indigenous materials and the likes which traditionally cannot be considered as sources of history are now considered as possible sources of history. This trend also looked into the “silences” in history. Baktin noted that silences, not just the voices in history are important. These developments strengthened the effort of Filipino historians to write a history that will serve the Filipino people and a historiography that will offer a Filipino perspective. In the Philippines, the dominance of the colonial discourse has challenge the Filipino historians to write the history of the Philippines using a discourse that will privilege the Filipinos. Filipino historians like Agoncillo, Ileto, Guerrero, Diokno, Salazar and others, worked hard to counter the colonial historiography that dominate the Philippine historiography for a long time. The accumulation of new data and the development of new theories gave Filipino historians many aspects of Philippine history that were left unexplained. Historians, with the help of other disciplines like archaeology, anthropology, psychology, linguistics and other disciplines faithfully reconstructed the Philippines past using a Filipino perspective. The post-EDSA period gave a new direction for Filipino historians. The move to use Filipino as medium of instruction had gained support from different historians. With this development, Zeus Salazar and the advocates of the pantayong pananaw gave new direction to the study of

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