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Chapter 1 handouts

Chapter 1 handouts - Chapter 1 Introduction and Review...

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Chapter 1 Introduction and Review
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Chapter 1 2 Definitions: “Organic” Chemistry • Old (pre 1830): “derived from living organisms”. (Vital Force) • New: “chemistry of carbon compounds” • From inorganic to organic, Wöhler, 1828
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Chapter 1 3 Atomic Structure • protons, neutrons, and electrons • isotopes C 12 6 6 C 14 => Atomic orbitals can be derived by solving the Schrödinger wave equation: H Ψ = E Ψ
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Chapter 1 4 Atomic Orbitals (Wave Functions); Carbon 2 s orbital (spherical) 2 p orbital =>
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Chapter 1 5 Electronic Configurations • Aufbau principle: • Pauli Exclusion Principle • Hund’s rule: ↑↓ ↑↓ => Carbon (6 electrons):
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Chapter 1 6 Table 1-1 =>
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Chapter 1 7 Bond Formation • Ionic bonding: electrons are _________. • Covalent bonding: electron pair is _____. =>
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Chapter 1 8 Lewis Structures • Bonding electrons • Nonbonding electrons or lone pairs C H H H O H
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Chapter 1 9 Multiple Bonding =>
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Chapter 1 10 Dipole Moment • Amount of ____________ x ___________. • Charge separation shown by ________________ • Red indicates a ____________ region and blue indicates a _____________ region. CC H HH H =>
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Chapter 1 11 Electronegativity and Bond Polarity Greater Δ EN means __________ polarity =>
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Chapter 1 12 Calculating Formal Charge
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Chapter 1 handouts - Chapter 1 Introduction and Review...

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