Lec03-PART%20C-The%20Biology%20of%20Psych-Sum07

Women in 36 out of 37 cultures ambition and

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Unformatted text preview: ? Men in 34 out of 37 cultures 13 Empirical Evidence... Buss & Barnes (1986) Men and women want mostly the same things Difference is in emphasis only Most desired characteristics in a mate Kindness Understanding Interesting person True for men and women Question Form: Buss (1992) 1. Your gender is __________ 2. Imagine that you discover that the person with whom you've been seriously involved became interested in someone else. What would distress or upset you more? A. Imagining your partner forming a deep emotional attachment to that person. B. Imagining your partner enjoying passionate sexual intercourse with that person. 14 Real Data (Buss, 1992) More distressing... distressing... By gender... gender... Deep emotional attachment Passionate sexual intercourse Female Male 83% 60% 17% 14% Empirical Evidence... Kenrick (1990) Set-up "limbo study" how low would you go? study" For earning cap, physical attractiveness, intelligence, and kindness... kindness... Minimum acceptable criteria to... to... 1. 2. 3. 4. Go on single date Have sex Date exclusively Marriage Both genders had higher standards as you from 1 to 4 15 Empirical Evidence... Kenrick (1990) Results For Earning cap: Women have higher standards For physical attractiveness: Men have slightly higher standards For intelligence: Equal standards, except for #2 For kindness: Equal standards, except for #2 Male standards about 10 % lower for having sex Kenrick argued that differences can be accounted for because of biological/evolutionary factors Environment and Neurons Environment during early development "Enriched" Environment Neurons cells Larger More synapses Better connected Enriched after childhood? 16 Peers vs. Parents Who has a bigger impact? Consider the following... Immigrant children whose peer group is non-immigrant nonchildren... children... Non-smoker in a peer group of smokers (with parents Nonthat are non-smokers) non- Trend Parental influence greatest early in child's life child' Peer group becomes more important as you get older Are our thoughts our own? Proposal: We Americans value individually, self-expression and a democratic government not because these things are actually the best, but rather because we are culturally influenced to think that they are best. Do you agree or disagree with this proposal? 17 Japanese Students... 18...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Nolan during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Queens.

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