RelativeResourceManager

RelativeResourceManager - 1 Basic Nomenclature 1...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Basic Nomenclature 1 Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds Naming Simple Inorganic Compounds Dr. Carl Hoeger profcah CauldronCast #1 Basic Nomenclature 2 Nomenclature-History Early : Compounds named by those who discovered them; usually had some historic significance Oil of Vitrol Blue Vitrol Laughing gas Problem : No real system; region/researcher specific; needed systematic, well-defined nomenclature system Answer : IUPAC development of standardized nomenclature schemes; some trivial names accepted and retained Basic Nomenclature 3 Nomenclature-Basics Two general classes of inorganic molecules: 1. Those containing a metal cation and a nonmetal anion OR a metal cation and a polyatomic anion (ionic compounds); 2. Those containing only nonmetals (molecular compounds; Type III compounds ) Two different types of the first class: a) Those whose metal has only one possible positive oxidation state ( Type I compounds ); b) Those whose metal has more than one possible positive oxidation state ( Type II compounds ) The nomenclature scheme reflects the compounds class/type 2 Basic Nomenclature 4 Type I Elements 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 IA VI I A 1 H 1.0 8 I A I IA IVA VA VIA VI A 2 H e 4.0 2 3 Li 6.94 1 4 B e 9.01 2 5 B 10.8 1 6 C 12.0 1 7 N 14.0 1 8 O 16.0 0 9 F 19.0 0 10 N e 20.18 1 N a 2 .9 9 12 M g 24.3 0 I IB IVB VB VIB VI B VI I VI I VI I IB I B 13 Al 26.9 8 14 Si 28.0 9 15 P 30.9 7 16 S 32.0 6 17 Cl 35.4 5 18 Ar 39.95 19 K 39.1 0 20 C a 40.0 8 21 Sc 4 .9 6 2 Ti 47.9 0 23 V 50.9 4 24 C r 52.0 0 25 Mn 54.9 4 26 Fe 5 .8 5 27 C o 58.9 3 28 Ni 58.7 0 29 Cu 63.5 5 30 Zn 65.3 8 31 G a 69.7 2 32 G e 72.5 9 3 As 74.9 2 34 Se 78.9 6 35 B r 79.9 0 36 K r 83.80 37 R b 85.4 7 38 Sr 87.6 2 39 Y 8 .9 1 40 Zr 91.2 2 41 N b 92.9 1 42 Mo 95.9 4 43 Tc (9 ) 4 Ru 101. 1 45 Rh 102. 9 46 P d 106. 4 47 Ag 107. 9 48 C d 1 2. 4 49 In 1 4. 8 50 Sn 1 8. 7 51 S b 121. 8 52 Te 127. 6 53 I 126. 9 54 Xe 131.3 5 C s 132. 9 56 B a 137. 3 57 La 138. 9 72 Hf 178. 5 73 Ta 180. 9 74 W 183. 9 75 R e 186. 2 76 O s 190. 2 7 Ir 192. 2 78 Pt 195. 1 79 Au 197. 0 80 H g 20 . 6 81 Tl 204. 4 82 P b 207. 2 83 Bi 209. 0 84 P o (209 ) 85 At (210 ) 86 Rn (2 2) 87 Fr (2 3 ) 8 R a 2 6. 0 89 Ac 2 7. 0 104 Rf (261 ) 105 D b (262 ) 106 S g (263 ) 107 Bh (262 ) 108 H s (265) 109 Mt (26 ) 1 0 D b (269 ) Lanthanide series Actinide series = Type I Metal = Type I Metal = Type I I Non-metal = Does not form compounds 58 C e 140. 1 59 Pr 140. 9 60 N d 14 . 2 61 P m (147 ) 62 S m 150. 4 63 Eu 152. 0 64 G d 157. 3 65 Tb 158. 9 6 Dy 162. 5 67 H o 164. 9 68 Er 167. 3 69 Tm 168. 9 70 Y b 173. 0 71 Lu 175. 0 90 Th 232. 0 91 Pa 231. 0 92 U 238. 0 93 N p (237 ) 94 Pu (24 ) 95 Am (243 ) 96 C m (247 ) 97 B k (247 ) 98 Cf (251 ) 9 Es (252 ) 10 F m (257 ) 101 Md (258 ) 102 N o (259 ) 103 Lr (260 ) +3 +2 +1 +2 +1 Basic Nomenclature 5 Type II Elements 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 IA VI I A 1 H 1.0 8 I A I IA IVA VA VIA VI A 2 H e 4.0 2 3 Li 6.94 1 4 B e 9.019....
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RelativeResourceManager - 1 Basic Nomenclature 1...

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