HIST 179 NOV 5 BYZANTINE EMPIRE - BYZANTINE EMPIRE I ORIGINS II.CONSTANTINOPLE III.LEGAL REFORM IV.RELIGION I ORIGINS Byzantium-ancient city before

HIST 179 NOV 5 BYZANTINE EMPIRE - BYZANTINE EMPIRE I...

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BYZANTINE EMPIRE I. ORIGINS II.CONSTANTINOPLE III.LEGAL REFORM IV.RELIGION I. ORIGINS Byzantium-ancient city before Constantinople emergeddates back to the 7 th c. BCEbeen involved in trade Settled by Greek colonists: -In the 7 th c. there were 3 colonists who settled along this area -Byzas was their leader Provincial port city -Secludeddepos where people would take their goods through Location is key! -Plays a huge rule when Constantine chooses to live here -Triangular peninsula, water on both sides (Sea of Marmara and strait of Bosporus) A) Re-cap of late Roman Empire To understand how the small city, Byzantium, becomes a major port in the world (becomes the 2 nd Rome), you have to go back into time… Emperor Constantine (r. 306-337) -Reign during the 3 rd century crisis: pd where Rome faced a lot of internal challenged, people were fighting to control land, Germanic groups pushed along the boarders which caused problemsthis is threatening to Rome and to Constantineso he looks for a new territory to set uphe wants a new commercial location, a new military place to start fresh -He uproots everything in Rome and brings in to Byzantium in about 324 CE and makes it the new capital of the Roman Emperor -He renamed it Constantinople in 330 CE -He is key to the start of the empire The straight of Bosporus goes straight through Constantinople and this was a huge benefit to have for trade (water surrounded you, there was access to the European continent, Asian continent)he recognizes all of this
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-Fortifies the land with wallsgives people the impression that it is a major force that can’t be beat II. Constantinople After sometime, it will look like a carbon copy of Rome There are imperial officials Imperial administration that matches Rome Constantine instructs forums, palaces, erects some of the Roman gods and goddesses found in Constantinople After Constantine’s death in 337, his sons are supposed to rule the empire as co- rulersthey end up fighting for powereventually, the empire is split in half: Eastern Roman empire and Western Roman Empire Western R. Empire: falls in the 5 th c. when Germanic groups kill the last Roman emperor Eastern Roman Empire=Byzantine Empire A) Byzantine Empire 5 th c.-Constantinople experience same problems as W. Empire -Threats from barbarian groupsbut they are better equipped to deal with it than the W. EmpireTheodosius makes fortification and bribes the barbarians with gold to leave them alone and it worksthe barbarians go further north and west Emperor Justinian (r. 527-565)
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