Recitative:Technique of declaiming words musically in a heightened, theatrical manner. Mirrors and exaggerates the natural ups and downs that occur in speech.Aria:An extended piece for a solo singer that has much more musical elaboration and coherence than a passage of recitative. The vocal part is more melodic, the rhythm is more consistent, and accompaniment includes entire orchestra.Claudio Monteverdi(1567-1643): “The last great madrigalist and the first great opera composer.” First stage work, Orfeo, is a famous masterpiece of opera. Henry Purcell(1659-1695):Perhaps the first English opera of the 20thcentury. Dido and Aeneas. Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583-1643):Suite (Canzoa, Balletto, Corrente, and Passacaglia) Organ piece, works with chromaticism. Baroque Period:Music from 1600-1750. Bach, Handel, Vivaldi. Walking bass: A bass that moves in absolutely even notes, usually eighths or quarters.Ornamentation:Improvising melodic extras in written music.Basso continuo:A pass part that is always linked to a series of chords.
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Baroque music, Concerto grosso, Vivaldi, great opera composer, improvisatory solo passage