Midterm Study Guide - Midterm Exam Review PLATONIC...

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Midterm Exam Review PLATONIC DIALOGUES: 1. What is a Sophist? How is a Sophist different from a Philosopher? Sophists- paid to teach winning an argument,manipulative, teacher of rhetoric, making the weaker argument stronger, twisting words to make the weaker argument stronger, teenagers went to learn how to argue with their parents Philosophers- pure lover of wisdom, want to find truth, they question instead of manipulate, have interlocutors Socrates didn’t want to corrupt youth because of what they could do to him 2. In Plato’s dialogue, Euthyphro, who is Euthyphro? What is his role in the community? Euthyphro- a minor priest in the community, self proclaimed expert of piety, dictates what he believes is right and wrong in the community, stuck in his ways, confident, sure of himself, naive, arrogant, thinks he has all the answers, inconsistent, uses examples as a definition, Holier than Thou (someone who thinks they have a direct connection with gods so they put themselves above others), a person who thinks he advocates morals 3. Where do Socrates and Euthyphro meet? Why is Euthyphro there? Outside of the court house(near the king-archon’s court), he is prosecuting his father for killing a murderer (who is a laborer) 4. What is the point about definition that Socrates makes in his discussion of Piety in the Euthyphro? How is this important philosophically? What is it that Socrates wants Euthyphro to realize? Why? What is the philosophical significance of the distinction between the universal and the particular? - a definition has to be consistent, Socrates is looking for a universal definition of piety -He wants Euthyphro to realize that he doesnt know everything, that he doesnt know it piety is, that he shouldn’t be so confident -because that’s Socrates job as a philosopher, to make other people realize that they are not as wise as they think they are, and that they don’t know everything -universal- real definition Particular- an example used as a definition Definitions are important cause we first have to have a definition and then we can use examples Particulars are made from universals Particular- your definition is based off of your person experience Plato Republic= form of good Trying to make euthyphro understand that there is a difference between universals and particular This is important philosophically, because it is the base of which all people should arrange their theories and arguments.
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5. What accusations does Socrates defend himself against in the Apology? How does he defend himself? 1) corrupting the youth (why accused now? He’s been doing this whole life why was he only accused of himself ) 2) not believing in the gods 3)teaching for a fee (not charging a fee cuz he’s so poor) - manipulation- making the weaker argument the stronger - would never do anything to hurt Athens, cuz he is a servant to Athens Defense- says accusations are lies “Socrates speaks the truth” -Says that Because he cannot directly cross examine his accuser, has to give like monologue
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