Art History - Vocabulary Exam 3

Art History - Vocabulary Exam 3 - Art History...

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Art History Vocabulary—Exam 3 Artists to Know: Anthemius and Isidorus Andrey Rublyov Wiligemus Gislebertus Villard de Honnecourt Brunelleschi Cimabue Giotto Duccio Constantine Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire; Edict of Milan a letter signed by emperors Constantine I and Licinius that proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire. The letter was issued in 313 AD, shortly after the conclusion of the Diocletianic Persecution Keystone the central building block at the top of an arch or vault Voussoir wedge-shaped stone building block used in constructing an arch or vault Catacombs Catacombs are ancient, human-made underground passageways or subterranean cemeteries composed thereof; an underground tunnel with recesses where bodies were buried (as in ancient Rome) Syncretism In religion or philosophy, the union of different ideas of principles. Orant the representation of a standing figure praying with outstretched and upraised arms. Nave The central space of the Basilica, two or three stories high and usually flanked by aisles. Transept the arm of a cruciform church, perpendicular to the nave. The point where the nave and transept cross is called the crossing. Beyond the crossing lies the sanctuary, whether apse, choir, or chevet. Narthex the vestibule or entrance porch of a church. Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the Roman Sol with an epithet, invictus (unconquered) that was commonly given to Sol from the second century AD onwards. There is much confusion about this Sol Invictus because modern scholarship long maintained that he was actually a distinct sun god introduced from Syria by the emperor Aurelian in 274 Nimbus A halo; a ring of light that surrounds a person in art Vienna Genesis an illuminated manuscript, probably produced in Syria in the first half of the 6th Century. It is the oldest well-preserved, surviving, illustrated biblical codex Parchment (lambskin) A writing surface made from treated skins of animals. Very fine parchment is known as vellum. Vellum (calfskin) A fine animal skin prepared for writing and painting. Folio book (or manuscript) consisting of large sheets of paper folded in the middle to make two leaves or four pages Codex (pl. Codices) A book, or a group of manuscript pages (folios), held together by stitching
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or other binding on one side. Justinian/Theodora Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians; codified Roman law in 529 Psalter A Psalter is a volume containing the Book of Psalms and which often contains other devotional material Alaric (Visigoths) king of the Visigoths who captured Rome in 410 (370-410); the first Germanic leader to take the city of Rome. Having originally desired to settle his people in the Roman Empire, he finally sacked the city, marking the decline of imperial power in the west.
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