Art History - Vocabulary Exam 2

Art History - Vocabulary Exam 2 - Art History...

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Art History Vocabulary—Exam 2 Artists: Exekias Euphronios Phidias Polykleitos Myron Kallikrates and Iktinos Praxiteles Skopas Lysippos Vulca Apollodorus of Damascus Vocab: Sanctuary: A sacred or holy enclosure used for worship. In ancient Greece and Rome, consisted of one or more temples and an altar. Chryselephantine: Ivory and gold used together in a sculpture. Entasis: a slight swelling of the shaft of a Greek column. The optical illusion of entasis makes the column appear from afar to be straight. Homer: ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey Kouros : An Archaic Greek statue of a young man. Kore: An Archaic Greek statue of a young woman. Frieze: The middle element of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice. Usually decorated with sculpture, painting, or moldings. Daedalic style: In the history of Ancient Greece the Orientalizing Period is the cultural and art historical period informed by the art of Syria and Phoenicia Gigantomachy: In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between gods and giants Centauromachy: In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between the Greeks and centaurs Acropolis: The citadel of an ancient Greek city, located at its highest point and housing temples, a treasury, and sometimes a royal palace. The most famous is the Acropolis in Athens. Pericles: Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athens' political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon Athena Parthenos: Massive chryselephantine cult statue of Athena, sculpted by Phidias, located in the Parthenon. Caryatid: A statue of a draped woman acting as a column. Encaustic: A painting technique using pigments mixed with hot wax as a medium. Triglyphs: Rectangular block between the metopes of a Doric frieze. Identified by the three carved vertical grooves, which approximate the appearance of the end of a wooden beam. Metopes: The carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a Doric frieze. Cella: The principal interior room at the center of a Greek or Roman temple within which the
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cult statue was usually housed.
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