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Essay 1: The history of black-white relations in the United States from Reconstruction tothe Progressive era.600,000 Americans died in the Civil War. With this the 13thAmendment was established,abolishing slavery. The Freedman’s Bureau was established, to help African Americansreceive an education and rights. Slaves began to move out, look for family, or work fortheir ex.Masters. Slaves tried to gain control over their lives. From Reconstruction to theProgressive era, Blacks struggled to find their new place in American, gaining rights, butin the end, losing their rights as America’s necessity to become whole out prioritizedtheir rights.Basic rights given to AfricansFreedman’s Bureau was made to reform black life, and represent them against the South.Thousands of schools were founded, and idealistic northerners came to the South to helpAfricans attend school and get used to their new lives as freedmans. Blacks andNortherners raised money for schools and teachers. The effort that the Northerns andfreedmans showed in educating freedman was impeccable. Since Blacks could not affordland, they had to go through the process of sharecropping with white landowners. Theywere able to work and live on the land, but had to pay a majority of their crop in order tosustain this policy. Sharecropping ends up an economic disaster, putting Black peopleinto debt due to the price of the land, tools, and crops.Andrew Johnson’s period of ReconstructionWhen Andrew Johnson replaced Lincoln as president, Reconstruction took a turn for theworse. Andrew Johnson was a Southern Democrat, and was very lenient towards theSoutherners. He did not allow Congress to make any form of reconstruction, saying theyhad no power to legislate upon that subject. He was in favor of Blacks beingemancipated, but did not support Black political and Civil rights. He thought of them asinferior, and did not believe they did not deserve any major rights past being free. Hedenied Africans the rights to vote. He was also very lenient to the South, not punishing