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Discussion Board #1 – A GEM of a Study1Discussion Board #1 – A GEM of a StudySean Ballesteros-PerezLiberty UniversityBUSI 600: Business Research MethodsDr. Henry KerichAuthor NoteSean Ballesteros-PerezI have no known conflict of interest to disclose.Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Sean Ballesteros-Perez.Email: [email protected]
Discussion Board #1 – A GEM of a Study2What are the independent and dependent variables in this study?The A GEM of a Study research consists of multiple independent and dependentvariables throughout the study conducted by researchers at the Kauffman Center forEntrepreneurial Leadership. An independent variable is defined as “the variable manipulated bythe researcher, thereby causing an effect of change on the dependent variable” (Schindler, 2019).The independent variables listed in the study consist of: general framework conditions for eachnation, entrepreneurial framework conditions, entrepreneurial capacity and opportunities, andbusiness dynamics. The independent variables can be seen in Exhibit C-GEM 1-1 as part of theconceptual model for entrepreneurial sector and economic growth. A dependent variable isdefined as “the variable measure, predicted, or otherwise monitored by the researcher with theexpectation to be affected by the manipulation of the independent variable” (Schindler, 2019).The A GEM of Study research identifies the dependent variable as the economic well-being ofeach nation defined by the gross domestic product (GDP) and job formation. Both theindependent and dependent variables of the study were well identified by the research team andvisually depicting the relationships between each one as part of Exhibit C. The ability to provideproof in the conclusion of a study stating these relationships is equally important (Mitra et al.,2006). What are some of the intervening, extraneous, and moderating variables that the studyattempted to control with its 10-nation design?The A GEM of a Study research team identified a number of intervening, extraneous, andmoderating variables that were attempted to be controlled with a 10-nation design. Theintervening variables of the study include the attitudes and feeling survey participants have aboutentrepreneurship in each said country. As the general population has a positive attitude andfeelings about entrepreneurship, there is a strong correlation between the economic growth andopportunity through the positive correlation between perceived opportunity of 0.79 and