ENG 3314 Spring 2014 Sarah Carney Journal Entries 2

ENG 3314 Spring 2014 Sarah Carney Journal Entries 2 - Sarah...

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Sarah Carney Victorian Era Reading Journals ENG 3314 3/20/14 Wednesday, 12th Part I. Thomas Carlyle 1795-1881. Carlyle was a Scottish writer that referred to eco- nomics as “the dismal science”. He was known for his satires, essays and historical writings. Carlyle’s work influenced Dickens when writing A Tale of Two Cities. He also influenced George Orwell, Walt Whitman and many of the american transcendentalists. Carlyle’s prose reflects the strength of views and his temperament. He dealt with a stomach aliment for most of his life and was very often viewed as cranky, argumentative and disagreeable in general. Many consider Carlyle to be a “violent conservative,... vir- tually a fascist.” Part II. Past and Present was written in 1843 in England. It is said that Carlyle wrote the book in seven weeks at the same time he was writing another novel, Cromwell. In sum- mary Past and Present is a call for leadership in England. Carlyle provides the example Abbot Samson, a monk who established order in the medieval monasteries of his time. Carlyle hopes to inspire the “Captains of Industry” to lead as Abbot Samson once. Car- lyle’s lack of confidence in the democratic system is evident in his passionate prose. The continuous narrative of the Abbot throughout the book creates a rhythm to break up the ranting. Part I. Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806-1861. She can be considered one of the most well known English poets of her time. Browning was educated at home and began writ- ing poetry at a very young age. She was also ill from a number of ailments for most of her life, causing a dependency laudanum. From 1814 to 1844 Browning produced most of her poetry. She was known for campaigning for the abolition of slaver and for being an advocate of child labour legislation. She married Robert Browning in 1845 and some of her more famous poems Sonnets from the Portuguese and Aurora Leigh were in- spired by their relationship. Part II. The Cry of the Children was published in 1843 and was written as a response to a parliamentary commission that brought awareness to the plight of the children working under dangerous conditions. In the poem she uses irony and tells the child workers to act like normal children. The Cry of the Children is written in alternating quatrains and follows a sing-song like rhyme to evoke a childlike quality. Poor working conditions for child workers made it dangerous for children to work she protested the unfair treatment of the children and was successful in making her voice heard.
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Friday, 14th Part I. John Stuart Mill 1806-1873. Mill was a huge influence on social and political the- ory and political economy. He served as a member of parliament and was an important leader in liberal political philosophy. Mill had many writings on the theme of liberty and most of the took the stance that the freedom of the individual is more important to unlim- ited state control. He wrote on a number of other social issues: freedom of speech, hu- man rights, and women’s rights. Mill is also known for his views on utilitarianism: that one must act to have the greatest personal happiness within reason.
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