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Technology can be a powerful tool and they are neutral in a sense that they merely provideoptions. In this paper, I will be presenting the works that argue about technological artifacts aresubjective and inherently political. When compared to previous eras' discriminatory behavior,new technologies have the potential to conceal, accelerate, and even intensify discrimination whileappearing neutral and even beneficent.Postman, N. (1992). The Judgement of Thamus. InTechnopoly: the surrender of culture totechnology. New York, NY: Vintage Books.Neil Postman started off the book with the story of how King Thamus reacted to godTheuth’s invention of writing (Postman, 1992, p. 1). To begin with, Thamus believes thatwriting will be nothing but a burden to society. Secondly, he overlooks the manyadvantages that writing offers. Us as human beings obviously have benefitted from writingto a great extent. It is an error to focus solely on the problematic aspect of technologicaladvancement, just as it is an error to focus solely on the benefits. Therefore, Postman arguesthat we should perceive technologies as a two-edged sword as it carries both beneficial andproblematic aspects. He warns us to avoid becoming one-eyed prophets, otherwise knownas technophiles, because these people only praise the benefits of technology and turn ablind eye to the negative impacts (Postman, 1992, p. 1). Postman claims that technologicalchange is ecological as a change in technological nature shifts how people operate(Postman, 1992, p. 6). As a result, understanding the function of technologies is viewed asa critical process to partake in. Furthermore, new technologies introduce new terminologiesfor objects and they also alter the definitions of existing ones. This has led us to changehow we see the world and the values we assign to things (Postman, 1992, p. 2). In relation
to the development of technology, Postman also introduces the idea of winners and losersin a knowledge monopoly. He believes that this development alters our perception ofcommon words, giving those who understand more about the workings of technologies anadvantage over those who do not (Postman, 1992, p. 3). Lastly, Postman quotes MarshallMcLuhan's "The medium is the message" to demonstrate how the adoption of a technologyis determined not by its use as media, but by the very structure the media exists in.