132.2021.ppt10.pptx - FILM CULTURE FTV 132 Week 10 Ebru...

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FILM CULTURE FTV 132 Week 10 Ebru Thwaites Diken
From auteur to genre Bazin 1953, 1954 – Western as US film Visual embodiment of American myths Popular mainstream film versus art house film Genre theory broke this distinction (conventions are mixed with individual touches) The move from auteur to genre: semiotics, ideological approach to film
genre Genus in Latin – origin, type, class Film theory – groups of films that share similarities on aesthetic, thematic levels 1. form 2. style 3. theme Set of conventions that influence the production of film / used by marketing strategist for marketing the film Science fiction / comedy / war / crime fiction / action / Western
Genres work to create a coherence and narrative closure, which positions the viewer safely inside a well-known structure “a genre is, simultaneously, a coherent and systematic body of film texts, and a coherent and systematic set of expectations” (Neale, 1980: p. 37)
genre Story (Action) + Plot + Character + Setting
Dıstınguısh genres on the basış of content and dominant type of narrative action (war films, porno films) specific stylistic features (film noir, musicals, animated films) Expected audience (women’s films, children’s films) emotional response (comedy, melodrama)
Genre as prototype Genre is a fuzzy category film genres not distinctive, and essential categories, modern genre theory: genres as prototypes genres as processes related to institution, text, and audience Work on genre: French auteurs meet US genre films & ask whether genres limit artistic freedom
Groupıng ın terms of central themes Science fiction / technology beyond the reach of contemporary science Western – life on a frontier / taming the frontier Horror – a monster, non-human threatens humankind
Genre situated in the triangular structure of: 1. aesthetic, formal dimensions 2. social and cultural context of films 3. audience perception Ex: Family melodrama: 1. Hollywood studio form, iconographic figures, linear narratives 2. genre as the ideological expression of American way of life 3. reproduction of dominant ideologies
Fılm as art versus fılm as genres Bazin (1971) …what constitutes a genre is thematic elements, cinematic technique and style, narrative structure and mise-en-scène Baudry (1976) … transition from a notion of genre films as degraded, commercialized to a new understanding: mixing auteur perspectives and genre perspectives into a more general aesthetic and cultural perspective on all forms Genre category that encompasses all forms including commercial and / or art house
Why do genre formulas work?

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