Sociology 1020 Mark D’Souza Chapter 1 & 2 - Key Terms Chapter 1 Class Conflict (p. 17) – is the struggle between classes to resist and overcome the opposition of other classes. Conflict Theory (p. 17) – generally focuses on large macrolevel structures and shows how major patterns of inequality in society produce social stability in some circumstances and social change in others. Democratic Revolution (p. 12) – began about 1750. It suggested that people are responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can therefore solve social problems. Dysfunctional Consequences (p. 17) – are effects of social structures that create social instability. Feminist Theory (p. 21) – claims that patriarchy is at least as important as class inequality in determining a person’s opportunities in life. It holds that male dominance and female subordination are determined not by biological necessity but by structures if power and social convention. It examines the operation of patriarchy in both micro and macro settings. And it contends that existing patterns of gender inequality can and should be changed for the benefit of all members of society. Functionalism (p. 16) – stress that human behaviour is governed by relatively stable social structures. It underlies how social structures maintain or undermine social stability. It emphasizes that social structures are based mainly on shared values or preferences. And it suggests that re- establishing equilibrium can best solve most social problems. Global Structures (p. 9) – are patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level. They include international organizations, patterns of worldwide travel and communication, and the economic relations between countries. Globalization (p. 27) – is the process by which formerly separate economies, states, and cultures become tied together and people become increasingly aware of their growing independence.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 4 pages?