WH Lecture 7 - Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment I...

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Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment I. The Scientific Revolution A. Begins 16 th century 1. No monopoly over thought 2. Science a) Empirical evidence---data b) Logical argumentation c) models B. Astronomy 1. Ptolemy – geocentric model 2. Copernicus (1473-1543) – heliocentric model a) Priest – threat to church 3. Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) – geo-heliocentric model [sun around earth, planets around sun] 4. Kepler (1571-1630) – Laws of planetary motion 5. Galileo (1564-1642) – telescope (discovers other moons/celestial bodies) 6. Newton (1642-1727) – Laws of motion/ gravity C. Philosophy of Science 1. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) – credited for creating scientific method 2. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) – geometry 3. Gottfried Willhem von Leibniz (1646-1716) – god created perfect world (imperfections are necessary) 4. Questioning of church, but no atheism a) From all over europe D. Growth of European scientific community
1. Transcends national/ cultural boundaries 2. Royal patronage a) Royal families/ monarchs and nobles sponsor scientific endeavors b) Want to be able to control nature

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