Exam 1 Review Sheet - PLSC 2003 EXAM 1 Study Guide 1 2 3 4...

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PLSC 2003 - EXAM 1 - Study Guide 1. trust in American government: trend of decreasing trust in the government. Trust has fallen sharp since the 60’s 2. political efficacy: the ability to influence government and politics 3. government: institutions and procedures through which a territory and it’s’ people are ruled 4. public policy: a law, rule, statute, or edict that expresses the governments goals and provides for rewards and punishments to promote their attainment 5. John Stuart Mills gov needs to stay out of our lives not here to be policed. Wrote On Liberty. His work influenced Americans evolving ideas about the relationship between government and the individual 6. Thomas Jefferson gov here to protect rights. Observed that the best government was one that “governed least” a government is needed to provide those services called “public goods” that all citizens need but are not likely to be able to provide adequately to themselves 7. John Locke here to protect man and police his behaviors. Government needed the consent of the people 8. Thomas Hobbes know their beliefs of them 9. constitutional government, authoritarian government , totalitarian government no restraints, democratic government restrained by the people. Know who restrains the different parts of the government. 10. pluralism and power: the pattern of struggles among interests is called “group politics” 11.political culture and the different types in the U.S. know how they all look at government. (moralistic, individualistic, traditionalistic) Arkansas is traditionalistic 12. “oligarchy” or “aristocracy” oligarchy- government with a small group of well qualified people. Lasted until the 18 th century 13. The Boston Tea Party. Caused by tea act of 1773 grants monopoly on tea to the east India company 14. The Articles of Confederation- US first written constitution but it wasn’t ratified until 1781 but it didn’t work in the beginning. The relationship between the national government and states was called a confederation. Central gov was given no president or any other presiding officer.

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