Part 1: Formal and Informal Assessments:LiteracyAssessmentFormal orInformalRationaleHow to Avoid MisuseWrite an EssayFormalWriting an essay can allow you to see what the student knows. It allows you, the teacher to see if the students know grammar, spelling, and comprehension. Constantly writing essays willconsume much of the student’s time or the students will likely lose interest and will not perform to their full potential.Running RecordsInformalCaptures what the student understand and know about the reading process. Provides an opportunity to analyze what happened and plan appropriate instruction (Concordia University Nebraska, 2019).Do not overuse this technique. The student(s) may believe this may account against their grade or may feel singled out in front of their peers. Use this technique only when receiving new students.End of Lesson TestFormalAllows you to see what knowledge the student has gained at the end of the lesson.