In Shakespeare’s play “King Lear”, King Lear spiraling downfall driven him into madness. His pride, rage, ego and hubris led him to complete insanity by the end of the play.King Lear’s psychological state can be explained with both Freudian and Laconian theory. Freudian theory states that literature is a reflection of the author’s unconscious thought. Psychological components of the identity, ego and superego will be used to analyze King Lear’s spiral downfall into madnessLacan’s model of the psyche is imaginary, symbolic and real. Unlike Freud, Lacan believes that the unconscious can be systematically analyzed, and the mind is shaped by literature.Freud’s theory:1.ID (hedonistic, seeking only for its own purpose): King Lear’s childish and selfish behavior at his eldest daughter’s house demonstrate the ID. However, this might not reflect the fairness of the situation since Goneril provokes his childish behavior.