Exam 3 study guide - Test Review 3:34 PM Fat-soluble vs water-soluble Fat soluble is stored in the body more than water-soluble o Except for vitamin

Exam 3 study guide - Test Review 3:34 PM Fat-soluble vs...

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Test Review 10/29/12 3:34 PM Fat-soluble vs. water-soluble Fat soluble is stored in the body more than water-soluble o Except for vitamin b-12 stored in the liver in significant quantities o Can build up and become toxic o Most toxic = vitamin A § Birth defects is the most notable toxicity Water soluble can be toxic in mega doses Two fat-soluble vitamins can be made in the body o Vitamin D & K Where do we get vitamin D? o Dairy products and milk Vitamin A o Most critical in eye health Vitamin K o Coagulation/ clotting o Deficiency = bleeding Vitamin D o Nutrient and hormone o Changed into active forms around the body Vitamin B-12 o Only vitamin stored in large amounts § In the liver o Red blood cell formation o Nerve function All B-vitamins are coenzymes Vitamin C o RDA increases with cigarette smoking o Fruit, orange juice, vegetables o Not in animal or dairy products Major (macro) minerals Pick them out of a group NOT iron, chromium, etc.
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