From Republic to Rome - Notes

From Republic to Rome - Notes - From Republic to Rome By...

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From Republic to Rome By the second century B.C.E. the Senate had become the real governing body of the Roman state. They directed the wars of the third and second centuries; they took control of both foreign affairs and domestic policy, including financial affairs. The senate and political offices were increasingly controlled by a small circle of wealthy and powerful families. The rest of the people that formed the backbone of the Roman state and army had always been farmers. Over a period of time, however, many small farmers had found themselves, unable to compete with large, wealthy landowners and had lost their lands. As a result, many of these small farmers drifted to the cities, especially Rome. This caused an economic and social crisis. To remedy the problem, the Senate urged the council of plebs to pass land reform bills that called for government to take back public land held by large landowners, and give it to landless Romans. In 107 B.C.E. a Roman general names Marius became consul and began to recruit
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From Republic to Rome - Notes - From Republic to Rome By...

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