Classical Mythology: Exam 3
abused the privilege of eating with the gods; served his son, Pelops, to the
gods; all of the gods, except for Demeter, recognized his deception and refused to eat but
Demeter ate his shoulder; his punishment was that he was condemned to suffer
everlasting thirst and hunger in the Underworld.
was chopped up by his own father, Tantalus, and served to the gods; only
Demeter did not recognize the deception and ate Pelops’ shoulder so when the gods
restored Pelops, they had to make him an ivory shoulder; he then traveled to Greece as
the suitor of Hippodamia; he won Hippodamia after killing Oenomaus; Myrtilus
attempted to violate Hippodamia so Pelops threw him from a cliff into the sea; he became
an important hero with a cult at Olympia, where his shrine, the Pelopion, was next to the
temple of Zeus. Pelops usually received a sacrifice of a black ram before each sacrifice to
Zeus; it is also said that Pelops and Poseidon.
won by Pelops and violated by Myrtilus; daughter of Oenomaus, who was
killed by Pelops in the chariot race for his daughter; married Pelops.
Atreus and Thyestes:
son of Pelops and Hippodamia; he fought with his brother,
Thyestes, over the kingdom of Mycenae; the possessor of a golden-fleeced ram would
become king; Pan brought the golden-fleeced ram to Atreus; Thyestes persuaded Atreus’
wife, Aerope, with love for the ram; Atreus was banished; Atreus returned and became
king, exiling Thyestes; Atreus pretended to be reconciled with Thyestes and invited him
to a banquet; he killed Thyestes sons and served them to him to eat; after Thyestes
realized what he ate, he cursed Atreus and went into exile.
son of Atreus; succeeded his father as king of Mycenae; married
Clytemnestra and they had children, Iphigenia, Electra, and Orestes; he sacrificed is
daugher, Iphigenia, at the start of the Trojan Expedition in order to appease Artemis and
gain favorable winds to sail from Greece; his crime earned him the hatred of his wife;
was murdered by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
his wife, Helen, was stolen from him; this started the Trojan War.
son of Thyestes and Pelopia; Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter, Iphigenia,
so his wife, Clytemnestra, committed adultery with Aegisthus; Aegisthus and
Clytemnestra murdered Agamemnon.
wife of Agamemnon; after Agamemnon sacrificed their daugher, she
committed adultery with Aegisthus and they murdered Agamemnon.
daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra who was sacrificed by
Agamemnon to ensure good winds for his sail from Greece.
daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; encouraged her brother, Orestes, to
murder Clytemnestra and Aegisthus to avenge the murder of their father; very passionate
about the murder of her father and she taunts Aegisthus to his death.