Classical Mythology Exam 3

Classical Mythology Exam 3 - Classical Mythology: Exam 3...

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Classical Mythology: Exam 3 Tantalus: abused the privilege of eating with the gods; served his son, Pelops, to the gods; all of the gods, except for Demeter, recognized his deception and refused to eat but Demeter ate his shoulder; his punishment was that he was condemned to suffer everlasting thirst and hunger in the Underworld. Pelops: was chopped up by his own father, Tantalus, and served to the gods; only Demeter did not recognize the deception and ate Pelops’ shoulder so when the gods restored Pelops, they had to make him an ivory shoulder; he then traveled to Greece as the suitor of Hippodamia; he won Hippodamia after killing Oenomaus; Myrtilus attempted to violate Hippodamia so Pelops threw him from a cliff into the sea; he became an important hero with a cult at Olympia, where his shrine, the Pelopion, was next to the temple of Zeus. Pelops usually received a sacrifice of a black ram before each sacrifice to Zeus; it is also said that Pelops and Poseidon. Hippodamia: won by Pelops and violated by Myrtilus; daughter of Oenomaus, who was killed by Pelops in the chariot race for his daughter; married Pelops. Atreus and Thyestes: son of Pelops and Hippodamia; he fought with his brother, Thyestes, over the kingdom of Mycenae; the possessor of a golden-fleeced ram would become king; Pan brought the golden-fleeced ram to Atreus; Thyestes persuaded Atreus’ wife, Aerope, with love for the ram; Atreus was banished; Atreus returned and became king, exiling Thyestes; Atreus pretended to be reconciled with Thyestes and invited him to a banquet; he killed Thyestes sons and served them to him to eat; after Thyestes realized what he ate, he cursed Atreus and went into exile. Agamemnon: son of Atreus; succeeded his father as king of Mycenae; married Clytemnestra and they had children, Iphigenia, Electra, and Orestes; he sacrificed is daugher, Iphigenia, at the start of the Trojan Expedition in order to appease Artemis and gain favorable winds to sail from Greece; his crime earned him the hatred of his wife; was murdered by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. Menelaus: his wife, Helen, was stolen from him; this started the Trojan War. Aegisthus: son of Thyestes and Pelopia; Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter, Iphigenia, so his wife, Clytemnestra, committed adultery with Aegisthus; Aegisthus and Clytemnestra murdered Agamemnon. Clytemnestra: wife of Agamemnon; after Agamemnon sacrificed their daugher, she committed adultery with Aegisthus and they murdered Agamemnon. Iphigenia: daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra who was sacrificed by Agamemnon to ensure good winds for his sail from Greece. Electra: daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; encouraged her brother, Orestes, to murder Clytemnestra and Aegisthus to avenge the murder of their father; very passionate about the murder of her father and she taunts Aegisthus to his death. Orestes:
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CLAS-C 205 taught by Professor Long during the Fall '07 term at Indiana.

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Classical Mythology Exam 3 - Classical Mythology: Exam 3...

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