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# NvLPartOne - MATH 191 Sections 1 and 3 Calculus I Fall 2007...

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MATH 191, Sections 1 and 3 Calculus I Fall 2007 Newton v. Leibniz Who invented calculus? At the end of 1712, 46 years after Isaac Newton discovered the method, and 38 years after his rival on the European continent, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, independently did the same, the English Royal Society released a tract titled Commercium Epistolicum , in which the Society laid sole claim for the discovery of calculus at Newton’s feet. It was later revealed that Newton himself had written the tract. The release of the Commercium Epistolicum was one of the most contentious battles, but certainly not the only one, waged in the war between the two giants of 17th century mathematics; their rivalry had burned for several decades before the tract’s printing, and it would continue for centuries afterwards. A number of issues cloud the debate. For instance, Newton was reluctant to publish, and did so sparingly, so he must often be taken on his word. Meanwhile, Leibniz openly admitted to having read work of Newton before the publication of his own ideas, but adamantly denied plagiarism. At the end of the day, both men had the requisite intelligence to craft so masterful a work as calculus, and though their ideas are ultimately very similar, the precise methods they used to obtain their respective results diﬀer startlingly in form and content. Today it is almost universally accepted that the two men arrived at the methods of calculus almost entirely independently of one another. In this new team project you will work alongside members of your team in order to bring this ancient dispute into the courtroom. There will be eight diﬀerent actors in this play, and each team will take on the role of one of them: Newton and his three attorneys Leibniz and his three attorneys

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NvLPartOne - MATH 191 Sections 1 and 3 Calculus I Fall 2007...

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