Chapter 9 and 10 Study Guide - CHAPTER NINE Fluid intelligence crystallized intelligence Fluid intelligence intelligence used to solve novel problems

Chapter 9 and 10 Study Guide - CHAPTER NINE Fluid...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

C HAPTER N INE : Fluid intelligence; crystallized intelligence Fluid intelligence- intelligence used to solve novel problems. They require reasoning, seeing relationships among stimuli and drawing inferences skills. They aren’t taught usually and are free of cultural influences Crystallized intelligence- intelligence used to solve problems using acquired knowledge. Examples include what temp does water boil at? What does duplicate mean? Etc. Involves use of knowledge that has already been acquired. Sternberg’s triarchic theory Emphasizes three aspects of intelligent behavior: contextual, experiential , and information processing components Contextual- what’s deinfed as intelligent behaviors depends on the sociocultural context in which it’s displayed. It changes from culture to culture and from time to time period. o defines intelligent behavior differently dpeding on the sociocultureal cntext in which it is displayed. o People w/ this intelligence know how to adapt to environment and shape it to work for them. Experiential- what’s intelligent when a person first encounters a new task is not the same as what is intelligent after extensive expeience w/ that task. o 2 types of intelligence: response to novelty and automatization Response to novelty- best measures of intelligence because it taps into individual’s ability to come up w/ creative ideas or fresh insights. Automatization- using specific problems to do tasks that have been repeated several times o Crucial to know how familiar person is w/ task before analyzing behavior. Componential- focus on information processing components. o Include metacomponents (strategy contstruction, strategy selection, and solution montoring.) o Performance omponents (e.g., encoding and comaring o Knowledge acqustioiton components (selective conding, eslvtive combinationa dnselecive comparison. o So process of how people produce intelligent answers

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture