Period 8 Key Concepts.docx - 1 Explain the Cold War The...

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1. Explain the Cold War. The Cold War dominated international relations from the late 1940s until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It was centered around the rivalry between the Communist Soviet Union and the leading Western Democracy, the US. The competition was usually through diplomacy rather than violence, but the Cold War got dangerously close to nuclear war. Basically the Soviet Union tried to support the spread of Communism while the US did everything it could to stop it. 2. What caused the Cold War? The Cold War was caused by Soviet Forces continuing to occupy countries of Central and Eastern Europe after the war. They manipulated election results to favor communist candidates. Communist dictators came into power in several European countries and these became Soviet satellite states. The Soviet Union also continued to occupy Germany when they promised to leave. Churchill’s iron curtain speech may have also caused the war. 3. Explain the US foreign policy during the Cold War. Truman had a containment policy.
4. Explain each of the following and their role in the Cold War.
b.

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