Running head: CURRENT SPACE TREATIES GREER1Current Space TreatiesSabrina M. GreerSPST 501Dr. Woodman
CURRENT SPACE TREATIES GREER2AbstractThere are current US space treaties that have been around since the 1960s. Also, there are severalcommercial space launch activities that are on the horizon that have been developed or are beginning to be developed. This report will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of both the current US space treaties and the commercial space launch activities.
CURRENT SPACE TREATIES GREER3Current Space TreatiesThe space treaties that are currently in place have been there since 1966. The United Nations has the signed documents from the Russian Federation, the United States, and the UnitedKingdom, which had been opened for signature in 1967, on file, uploaded for all to view on the internet. It is a very long document that is not very complicated to understand. But it seems that there is a disconnect between what is written in the treaty and what is actually happening in space, especially in the Low Earth Orbit or LEO. This report will explain the current space treaties, the Commercial Space Launch Activities of 1984, the strengths and weaknesses of both, what is and is not covered within these policies, and what policies should be included in the future.Outer Space Treaty of 1967The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 is the current space treaty. It is outdated and old, but technically works for right now. It was considered by the Legal Subcommittee of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1966 and it was agreed upon during the same year (United Nations, 1967). The treaty was opened for the Governments of the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States to put their signature on in the month of January 1967 and it became into force in October of the same year (United Nations, 1967). There are several resolutions that have been recalled such as calling upon the States to refrain from placing any objects that carry nuclear weapons or any other weapons for that matter, of mass destruction, installing weapons of mass destruction on any celestial body, breaching the peace in space, provoking or encouraging any threat to the peace of space, and acting with aggression in space (NASA, 2006). The Outer Space Treaty has 17 Articles, the last four articles are mainly administrative with one being about the different languages that the treaty is presented in and this
CURRENT SPACE TREATIES GREER4is authentic, one article states that any State who wishes to leave/withdrawal from said treaty cando so after one full year after the State entered into the treaty, but the State can only do so by written notice to the other Governments (NASA, 2006). The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 is designed to provide a basic framework for international space laws with the following principles:-The exploration and use of outer space shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries and shall be the province of all mankind.