PoliSci Study Guide #1

PoliSci Study Guide #1 - Shays's Rebellion - a 1787...

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Shays’s Rebellion - a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosers of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes New Jersey Plan - Proposal to create a weak national government Virginia Plan -Proposal to create a strong national government Federalists - Those who favor a stronger national government Anti-Federalists - Those who favor a weak national government Publius - means public citizen, author of federalist papers Bill of Rights - First ten amendments to the constitution McCulloch v Maryland - expanded the powers of congress and confirmed the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of those powers - answered 2 questions: Does congress have the right to set up a bank or any other corporation? Whether a federal bank could lawfully be taxed by a state? - Broad interpretation to “necessary and proper” clause - McCulloch won - A Supreme Court decision that settled two issues. First, Congress can exercise powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution if the power can be implied from an enumerated one. This authority is conferred by the "necessary and proper" clause. Second, the federal government is immune from taxation by the states. judicial review - the power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional devolution - the effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states Marxism - view that the government is dominated by capitalist
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bureaucrats - believed that the government is dominated by appointed officials Alexander Hamilton - Published a series of articles defending and explaining the constitution (federalist papers) - Wrote most of the federalist papers John Marshall - Chief justice of the supreme court during many important cases defining U.S. history Nullification - the doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state’s opinion, violates the constitution Secession - the withdrawal from the Union of 11 Southern States in 1860–1861 that led to the formation of the Confederacy and the beginning of the Civil War dual federalism - doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate cooperative federalism - a concept of federalism in which national, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems, rather than making policies separately but more or less equally (such as the nineteenth century's dual federalism) or clashing over a policy in a system dominated by the national government. Cooperative federalism was most pronounced in the United States during the New Deal between the 1930s and the 1950s when the Great Depression and Second World War spurred states to seek large scale federal assistance including emergency economic measures including employment, civil defense, wartime rationing, and the like. Marbury v Madison
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PoliSci Study Guide #1 - Shays's Rebellion - a 1787...

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