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E n g l i s hTo the Glory of the Great ArmyAfter the Battle of Austerlitz*, Napoleon I proclaimedto his army: “Soldiers! I am pleased with you. […]I shall bring you back to France; there you will bethe object of my tenderest attentions […] and allyou will have to say isI was at the Battle of Austerlitz*,for them to reply,There goes a brave man.”On his return to Paris, he ordered the building ofan Arch of Triumph to the glory of the Great Army.The monument had to fit in with the improvementworks taking place in the capital at the same timeand flatter the Emperor’s taste for Roman antiquity.Napoleon wanted to build it on the site of the Bastille,in the East of Paris, the side on which the armiesreturned, but the Place de l’Étoile was eventuallypreferred.Its location was ideal: at the end of the Avenue desChamps-Élysées, oppositethe Palais des Tuileries,the Emperor’s Paris residence.Unhindered by any other buildingprojects, the square completedthe axis designed by Le Nôtre inthe 17th century, extending thecentral walkway of the Tuileries gardens as far as thehorizon.Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin was the monument’schief architect.HistoryVisitThe Unknown SoldierInformationHistoryVisitThe Unknown SoldierInformationHistoryVisitThe Unknown SoldierInformationGlossaryAppeal of 18 June 1940: appeal launched from Londonby General de Gaulle in 1940 during the Germanoccupation, to unite the French people.Attic: upper section at the top of a construction. It isplaced above an entablature.Baron Georges Haussmann (1809-1891): Prefectof the Seine from 1853 to 1870, he was responsiblefor major building projects that profoundly alteredthe Paris townscape.

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