Confucius(1).pptx - EALC275/CWL311 FA2018 Confucius and...

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Confucius and ConfucianismEALC275/CWL311 FA20181
AD3 = 17AD5 = 15AD6 = 232Enrollment in sections
AnnouncementsUpdate on course packet:Should be ready later this week but it may be as late as Tuesdaynext week. We will notify you as soon as it is delivered and wewill provide a pdf copy of the reading.Compass: any issues accessing the site?3
Confucianism Today4
Repression of Confucianism5
Resurgence in China6
In the West:7
Confucianism in East Asia8551 BCE - 479 BCEConfucius’ lifetime206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.Han dynasty. Confucianism is established as the orthodoxy inChina and civil service examinations are introduced(candidates for government postsselected based on theirknowledge of the Confucian classics).372 CEA Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdomin northernKorea.6thc. CE.Confucianism is introduced to Japan from the Baekje kingdom of Korea958 C.E.King Gwangjong of the Goryeo Kingdom in Korea establishes anational civilservice exam based on Confucianism.1100's C.E. ~Neo-Confucianism (Zhu Xi’s interpretation) thrives. The civilservice system isstrengthened.1603 C.E.~The Japanese government adopts Confucianism as the official doctrine ofthestate.
Confucius’ lifeKong Zi/Kong Qiu (551-479 BC)Born in Lu, a small state inpresent-day Shandong provinceA teacher all his life, hewandered around, offering hisservices as an advisor to rulers.Never succeeded in having histeachings put into practice.9
Timeline of Chinese history(Five founding emperors)2100-1600B.C.Xia Dynasty1600-1050B.C.Shang Dynasty1046-256B.C.Zhou(Chou)DynastyWestern Zhou (1046-771 B.C.)Eastern Zhou(771-256 B.C.)Spring &Autumn(770-475 B.C.)The order of theZhou is fallingapartWarring States(475-221 B.C.)221-206 B.C.Qin Dynasty: unified China10
Historical background: The Zhou DynastyWestern ZhouEastern Zhou(1046-771 BCE)(771-221 BCE)11
Eastern ZhouSpring and Autumn Period771-476 BCWarring States Period475-221 BC12
Confucius’ World: the Spring and Autumn Period (771-476)Diminishing power of the ZhouGrowing number of independent statesWeak kingsPower in hands of dukesConstant warfare/instability- states at war with each other- inner succession strifeAlso a time of innovation“Hundred Schools of Thought”(Finding answers to problems)Epoch of changes > Movement awayfrom tradition13
The Analects論語Confucius’ teachings were collected and recorded by hisdisciples about 100 years after his deathLunyu, literally “the sayings”Fragmented conversations and sayingsNot a formal treatise:I.1. The Master said, “Is it not a pleasure, having learned something, totry it out at due intervals? Is it not a joy to have friends come afar? Is itnot gentlemanly not to take offence when others fail to appreciate yourability?”14
The ProblemHow do we bring order back to theland? How do we put an end tochaos and turmoil and bring backharmony?

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Term
Spring
Professor
Wang

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