Women's Political Participation and Representation in Asia.pdf

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women’spoliticalparticipationandrepresentationinasiaObstacles and ChallengesEdited by Kazuki Iwanaga
WOMEN’S POLITICAL PARTICIPATIONAND REPRESENTATION IN ASIA
WOMEN AND POLITICS IN ASIASeries Editors:Kazuki Iwanaga (Halmstad University) and Qi Wang (Oslo University)Women and Politics in ThailandContinuity and ChangeEdited by Kazuki IwanagaWomen’s Political Participation and Representation in AsiaObstacles and ChallengesEdited by Kazuki Iwanaga
Women’s Political Participationand Representation in AsiaObstacles and ChallengesEdited by Kazuki Iwanaga
Women and Politics in Asia series, No. 2First published in 2008by NIAS PressNIAS – Nordic Institute of Asian StudiesLeifsgade 33, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmarktel (+45) 3532 9501 • fax (+45) 3532 9549email: [email protected] • website: © NIAS – Nordic Institute of Asian Studies 2008All rights reserved.While copyright in the volume as a whole is vested in the NordicInstitute of Asian Studies, copyright in the individual papers belongsto their authors. No paper may be reproduced in whole or in partwithout the express permission of the author or publisher.British Library Cataloguing in Publication DataWomen’s political participation and representation in Asia :obstacles and challenges. - (Women and politics in Asia ; 2)1. Women in politics - Asia 2. Women politicians - AsiaI. Iwanaga, Kazuki II. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies305.4’332’095ISBN: 978-87-7694-016-4Typeset by NIAS PressProduced by SRM Production Services Sdn Bhdand printed in Malaysia
vCONTENTSAbbreviations and AcronymsixContributorsxiiiPrefacexvii1Kazuki IwanagaIntroductionWomen and Politics in Asia: A Comparative Perspective12Andrea FleschenbergAsia’s Women Politicians at the Top: Roaring Tigressesor Tame Kittens?233Jude HowellGender and Rural Governance in China554Lichun ChiangWomen as Agents of Change in Legislation in Taiwan815Kazuki IwanagaWomen’s Political Representation in Japan1016Won-Hong KimSouth Korean Women’s Political Status and FutureChallenges1307Trudy JacobsenBeyond Apsara: Women, Tradition and Trajectories inCambodian Politics149
vi8Kazuki IwanagaWomen in Thai Politics1739Lourdes Veneracion-RallonzaWomen and the Democracy Project: A Feminist Take onWomen’s Political Participation in the Philippines21010Anula AttanayakeElitism in Women’s Political Participation in Sri Lankawithin a South Asian Context25311Kamal Uddin AhmedWomen and Politics in Bangladesh27612Drude DahlerupGender Quotas in Politics: Empowerment from Aboveor from Below?297Index311Tables2.1Socio-political data of countries with female political leadership(as of 2004)28–292.2Gender-related data of countries with female political leadership(as of 2004)302.3Biographical data of Asia’s female political leaders32–332.4Electoral performance of top Asian woman politicians (in 2004)422.5Female political representation in countries with elections(in 2004)432.6Female political representation according to ranking of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)442.7

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