Bio exam 1 - PHL 363L Exam 1 A Reductionism is an approach...

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2/14/08 PHL 363L Exam 1 A. Reductionism is an approach to understanding the nature of complex things by reducing them to the interactions of their parts, or to simpler more fundamental things. There are three main types of reduction: weak reduction, abstract reduction, and strong reduction. Weak reductionism has epistemic primacy. Epistemic primacy is when the explanation invokes features from a more fundamental realm. Abstract reduction has epistemic primacy and abstract hierarchy. Abstract hierarchy is when the system is represented as a hierarchy of the lowest level being the most fundamental. Strong reduction has epistemic primacy, abstract hierarchy, and spatial hierarchy. Spatial hierarchy is a hierarchy of physical space. When biology is broken down to a molecular level, the interactions between its particles can be explained by physics. Physics explains the base level of biology and all subsequent facts arise from this base level. Holism is the idea that all the properties of a given system, whether it be biological, chemical, or social, cannot be
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PHL 363L taught by Professor Sarkar during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Bio exam 1 - PHL 363L Exam 1 A Reductionism is an approach...

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