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Teacher Overview Objectives: Great Depression and Rise of Hitler NYS Social Studies Framework Alignment: Key Idea Conceptual Understanding Content Specification Objectives 10.5 UNRESOLVED GLOBAL CONFLICT (1914–1945): World War I and World War II led to geopolitical changes, human and environmental devastation, and attempts to bring stability and peace. (Standards: 2, 3, 4, 5; Themes: TCC, GEO, GOV, CIV, TECH, EXCH) 10.5d Nationalism and ideology played a significant role in shaping the period between the world wars. Students will investigate the causes of the Great Depression and its influence on the rise of totalitarian dictators and determine the common characteristics of these dictators. Students will examine the role of nationalism and the development of the National Socialist state under Hitler in Germany. 1. Describe how the end of World War I impacted Germany 2. Describe how Hitler gain, consolidated and maintained power in Germany before the Great Depression. 3. Describe the impact the Great Depression had on the rise of totalitarian dictators. 4. Describe how Hitler gain, consolidated and maintained power in Germany after the Great Depression.
How did the end of World War I impact Germany? Objectives: Describe how the end of World War I impacted Germany. 1919-1929: The Weimar Republic The Birth of the Weimar Republic In November of 1918, Germany surrendered in World War I. In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed and deprived Germany of various territories, demilitarized the country, and forced Germany to pay heavy reparations. With the ending of World War I and Germany’s defeat, the imperial government came to an end and German leaders created a democratic government known Directions: Read the excerpt. Respond to the questions. 1. What did the Treaty of Versailles require Germany to do?
as the Weimar Republic. In this new democratic government, there was a chancellor or prime minister. Under this new democratic government, women were allowed to vote, there was a bill of rights and political parties were able 2. What form of government emerged after Germany’s defeat in World War I?
to form. 3. In this new government, what three new freedoms were Germans granted?
Political Problems Politically, the Weimar Republic had many small political parties so it was nearly impossible to form a coalition. The Weimar Republic was criticized by both conservatives and leftists. Conservatives thought the Weimar Republic was too weak. Leftists and communists demanded the changes they’d heard Lenin brought to Russia. In addition to the critiques of the Weimar Republic, many Germans were still angered by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
Having to pay such large reparations negatively impacted the economy. Not

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