Radical Reconstruction - Radical Reconstruction 18671877 Events 1 8 6 7 Congress passes First and Second Reconstruction Acts Congress passes Tenure of

Radical Reconstruction - Radical Reconstruction 18671877...

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Radical Reconstruction: 1867–1877 Events 1867 Congress passes First and Second Reconstruction Acts Congress passes Tenure of Office Act 1868 House of Representatives impeaches Andrew Johnson Senate acquits Johnson Fourteenth Amendment is ratified Ulysses S. Grant is elected president 1870 Fifteenth Amendment is ratified Key People Andrew Johnson - 17 th U.S. president; impeached by the House of Representatives in 1868 but later acquitted by the Senate Edwin M. Stanton - Secretary of War under Lincoln and Johnson; was dismissed by Johnson, prompting House Republicans to impeach Johnson Ulysses S. Grant - 18 th U.S. president; formerly a Union general and, briefly, secretary of war under Johnson Radical Reconstruction After sweeping the elections of 1866 , the Radical Republicans gained almost complete control over policymaking in Congress. Along with their more moderate Republican allies, they gained control of the House of Representatives and the Senate and thus gained sufficient power to override any potential vetoes by President Andrew Johnson . This political ascension, which occurred in early 1867 , marked the beginning of Radical Reconstruction (also known as Congressional Reconstruction ). The First and Second Reconstruction Acts Congress began the task of Reconstruction by passing the First Reconstruction Act in March 1867 . Also known as the Military Reconstruction Act or simply the Reconstruction Act , the bill reduced the secessionist states to little more than conquered territory, dividing them into five military districts , each governed by a Union general. Congress declared martial law in the territories, dispatching troops to keep the peace and protect former slaves. Congress also declared that southern states needed to redraft their constitutions, ratify the Fourteenth Amendment , and provide suffrage to blacks in order to seek readmission into the Union. To further safeguard voting rights for former slaves, Republicans passed the Second
Reconstruction Act , placing Union troops in charge of voter registration. Congress overrode two presidential vetoes from Johnson to pass the bills. Reestablishing Order in the South The murderous Memphis and New Orleans race riots of 1866 proved that Reconstruction needed to be declared and enforced, and the Military Reconstruction Act jump-started this process. Congress chose to send the military, creating “radical regimes” throughout the secessionist states.

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