unit 1 term list.docx - 1 martial law A situation in which...

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1. martial law - A situation in which the military is charged with administering government functions and maintaining public order. Usually martial law is instituted during times of crisis. 2. sovereignty - Political power, independence, or authority. Popular sovereignty refers to a system of government in which power is vested in the people, who make political decisions or elect officials to make political decisions on their behalf. 3. constitution - A framework that outlines the structure and powers of government. 4. confederation - An alliance of sovereign states united for common objectives. 5. republic - A form of government in which people elect representatives to act on their behalf. 6. democracy - A form of government in which political power is held by the citizens. 7. ratification - Formal and legally binding approval. 8. bicameral - Composed of two chambers. A bicameral legislature has two houses. 9. Bill of Rights - The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution containing the civil liberty guarantees to the states and individuals.

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