Unit 3 Term List.docx - public opinion The...

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public opinion - The population’s collective attitudes and beliefs about politics and government. political values - The basic principles that people hold about government. socioeconomic status - The combination of education, occupation, and income that can be used to gauge one’s position in society. gender gap - The statistical difference in party identification between men and women, with men being more likely to identify with the Republican Party and women being more likely to identify with the Democratic Party. straw poll - An informal poll that does not employ scientific methods like random sampling. random sampling - A method of selecting survey participants in which each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected. margin of error - A statistic related to the sample size of a survey that suggests the numerical degree to which the survey results may or may not reflect the opinions of the broader public. honeymoon period - The first several months of a new presidential administration, during which the newly elected president generally faces little public criticism. rally-around-the-flag effect - The increased popular support given to the president in times of crisis. divided government - The situation occurring when one party controls the White House and another party controls the House, the Senate, or both. yellow journalism - A style of reporting in which journalists exaggerate or even fabricate news stories to increase circulation. This sensationalistic mode of journalism was prevalent in the U.S. at the turn of the 19th century. muckraking - Journalism focused on exposing corruption in government or industry. Muckraking was prevalent in the U.S. from the 1890s to the 1930s and influenced many legislative reforms of the period. agenda setting - The process of getting issues on the political agenda, or those issues to which the public and decision-makers are paying attention and on which there is active political debate. priming - The process by which the media influence the way people think about an issue or event. Through its presentation of information, the media shape how people consider issues and events and interpret related information. framing - The process by which media outlets encourage viewers to interpret journalistic stories in a particular way. The press can frame stories for the public by using selective presentation of facts or specific descriptive language. aggregators - A website or software application that gathers together information from a variety of internet sources. RSS feed - An application that allows users to receive information from a website without visiting that site.
fair use - A legal doctrine that allows individuals and organizations to use portions of copyrighted materials without permission as long as such use does not reasonably curtail profits expected by the owner of the material.

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