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Elizabeth DoudAnthropologyTA: Heidi KlompSection 13Simple Quiz #3 – Part 1From the crowded cities of America to the sparse deserts of Africa, it can sometimes bedifficult to see any similarities between the people who live in completely different cultures.And while it is true that no two people or cultures are the same, underneath the individualthoughts and beliefs there is a similarity that goes far beyond any differences that exist amonghumans. This is seen in the aspects of human life that are the same throughout the world. Theconnection of family and kinship, the creation of societies, the ever changing nature of society asa whole, man's tendency to be conflicted between society and his own ideas, and his search forways to explain the world are universal to all mankind, growing from the human being's socialnature and his ability to learn and adapt.As we look at the different cultures across the world, it is quite easy to see “that thefamily. . . is the primary unit of society” (Crandall, Introduction 40). The general definition andmake-up of a 'family' may differ somewhat from culture to culture, as seen in the “Bushmenroam[ing] about together in small family bands” (Thomas 11) while the average modernAmerican family consists of a mother, father and children living together. These families arecreated so that every human being may feel the “feelings of belonging, of attachment, of thatmurky, nebulous, virtually impossible to describe sensation of being part of a family, of feelingthat one is bonded to this person or to these persons in a manner that may be stronger than anyother kind of human bond” (Crandall, Introduction 40). This is what a mother feels upon givingbirth to a child, and what father feels as he watches his son grow to adulthood, and it is because
of the universal need to belong, the universal longing to know these indescribable feelings thathumans gather together into family groups, introducing new members through marriage andforging bonds that allow a society to survive.As society expands to include more than one family, the people must be bound togetherby more than just the feelings of kinship that have kept the individual families from falling apart.