Poli Sci Review Sheet

Poli Sci Review Sheet - Poli Sci Terms and Concepts Review...

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Poli Sci Terms and Concepts Review Sheet Federalism - The system of govt in which a constitution divides power between a central govt and regional govts. Separation of Powers? NO! Separate institutions sharing power. Congress, Pres and Courts System of Federalism does not exist between state and local govts. Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists: Strong national govt. vs. Weaker national govt. Evolution of Federalism 1932- Present SEE SLIDES FOR MORE IN DEPTH INFO Dual Federalism- The system of govt that prevailed in the US from 1789-1937 in which most fundamental govt powers were shared between the fed and state govts. Compare with cooperative federalism . Two-layered system- nation and state- states do most of the governing (see p. 90) Cooperative Federalism- A type of federalism existing since the New Deal era in which grants-in-aid have been used strategically to encourage states and localities (without commanding them) to pursue nationally defined goals. Also known as intergovernmental cooperation. Since the 1930s Supportive relations, even partnerships between national and state govts. Grants-in-aid- form of federal subsidization of special state and local activities; basically funds given by Congress to state and local govts; similar to a bribe 1. Block Grants- Fed Funds given to state govts to pay for goods, services, or programs, with relatively few restrictions on how the funds may be spent Block vs. Categorical: AFDC v. TANF 2. Categorical Grants- Funds given by Congress to states and localities, earmarked by law for specific categories such as education or crime prevention. Ex. Highway money, speed limits, and DUI Formula vs. Project Matching Money/ Reimbursement Rates Encourages local and state govts to act 3. Project grants- Grant programs in which state and local govts submit proposals to fed agencies and for which funding is provided on a competitive basis. 4. Formula grants- GIA in which a formula is used to determine the amount of federal funds a state or local govt will receive. GIAs help coordinate the separate activities of all those state and local govts around a common set of standards and policy principles.
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Unfunded Mandate- National standards or programs imposed on state and local govts by the fed govt w/o accompanying funding or reimbursement “Regulated federalism”- the national govt actually regulates the states by forcing states and local govts conform to national standards Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) - adopted by Congress in 1995 to stop unfunded mandates greater than $50 million Marble Cake Federalism- National, state, and local policies overlap in many areas. Responsibilities are shared. Related with cooperative federalism , opposite of layer cake federalism . Proposed y Morton Grodzins- the shift to post New Deal coop federalism. Layer Cake Federalism-
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSC 121 taught by Professor Raven during the Fall '08 term at Syracuse.

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Poli Sci Review Sheet - Poli Sci Terms and Concepts Review...

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