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Civics Semester Exam Review - 1 Civics Semester Exam Review...

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1Civics Semester Exam ReviewChapter 1:Government- the institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society nomatter where you are1/5 of budget is spent on national defensePolitics- the process by which we select our governmental leaders and the policies that the leaderspursueLaswell Model- who gets what and when and howDemographics- statistical grouping of a populationRonald Dahl’s 5 Criteria to be Democratic:oEquality in VotingoEffective ParticipationoEnlightened UnderstandingoInclusionoCitizen-Control of the AgendaChallenges to Democracy:oIncreased technical expertise (challenge between elected officials and public as to where weshould get our information from)oLimited government participation (not all people are being represented)oEscalating campaign costs (too expensive for everyone to run)oDiverse political interests (policy gridlock)Average citizen needs to: be motivated, be knowledgeable, have principals, and be rationalGovernment owns 1/3 of landValues we share as a culture: liberty, egalitarianism(equality), individualism, laissez-faire(businesses dowhat they want, government only steps to protect the consumer)American Political System: People (participants, individuals, groups, organizations), Public Opinion(input; ideas that the people put together), Linkage Institutions (voting, political parties, interest groups,media*), Policy Agenda (issues), Policy, Policy Impact on the People
2Schattscheider Model: Politics is Conflict ExpansionoConflict among private groups, the issue gains visibility, the issue reaches the agenda of thegovernment, and a new balance of power created leading to renewed conflictChapter 2:Locke and Hobbes’ ideas were the foundation of the Declaration of IndependenceLocke’sSecond Treatise:oEveryone has the natural rights to life, liberty, and propertyoTo protect these rights, people surrender their power to the governmentoThe government is formed by the consent of the governedoGovernment must be limitedoPeople have to right to result (separates Hobbes from Locke)The founders were afraid of any government that had too much power.Second Continental Congress made the Articles of ConfederationoUnicameral- only 13 votesoTo pass a law need 9/13; to amend articles need 13/13oGave government power to maintain army and navy, power to make war and peace, power torun a post office, power to develop landoNo power to tax or get money, no regulating commerce, no executive branch for enforcementand no court system to settle disputesoFlaws in system were exemplified by: 1. Depression of 1780s, 2. Shay’s Rebellion- Shayprevents courthouse from opening and taking his land and we had to rely on citizens to stop itbecause we had no armyAnnapolis 1786- George Washington gets delegates from 5 states and decided to change thegovernment in Philadelphia in 1787 with 13 statesPhiladelphia 1787:oRhode Island doesn’t show(making whole thing invalid)o

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Term
Fall
Professor
Filman
Tags
Government, Democracy, Federalism, Coalition government

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