Abnormal Psych Midterm 2 Review

Abnormal Psych Midterm 2 Review - Abnormal Psych Midterm 2...

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Abnormal Psych Midterm 2 Review 07/11/2007 16:56:00 Chapter 5: Defining Anxiety and Anxiety Disorder o Anxiety  is an unpleasant emotion characterized by a general sense of  danger, dread, and physiological arousal. o Fear and anxiety are normal emotions which have evolved to help  animals respond to danger. o Pathological anxiety is defined as anxiety that occurs in an  inappropriate context or is overly intense on the continuum between  mild and extreme anxiety.  Classifying Anxiety Disorders: o The DSM-IV-TR recognizes six main anxiety disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder   Chronic, pervasive, and  debilitating nervousness.  Panic Disorder   Panic attacks that cause on-going distress or  impairment.  Phobias   An intense, persistent, and irrational fear and  avoidance of a specific object or situation. Social Phobia   fears are focused on social situations or  other activities where there is a possibility of being  observed and judged.  Agoraphobia   fear of wide open spaces or closed  spaces.  Specific Phobia   any phobia that is not a social phobia  or agoraphobia.  Obsessive-compulsive Disorder   An anxiety disorder in which  distressing and unwanted thoughts lead to compulsive rituals  that significantly interfere with daily functioning.  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder   Significant posttraumatic  anxiety symptoms occurring more than one month after a  traumatic experience. 
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Acute Stress Disorder   Significant posttraumatic anxiety  symptoms that occur within one month of a traumatic  experience.  o Generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) involves chronic and pervasive  nervousness. o Panic disorders (PD) involve episodes of acute terror, known as panic  attacks, which lead to worry about experiencing future panic attacks.  o Phobias are persistent and unreasonable fears of particular objects or  situations.  o Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) involves anxiety-producing,  unwanted thoughts or impulses (obsessions) and/or uncontrollable  rituals meant to decrease anxiety (compulsions). o Posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder involve a  variety of anxiety symptoms that occur in the wake of a traumatic  experience.  The Advantage and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Anxiety Disorder  Diagnosis: o There are important advantages and limitations of the DSM-IV-TR  anxiety disorder diagnosis. While the reliability and validity of the DSM- IV-TR diagnoses are relatively high, anxiety disorders often co-occur,  and they are also highly comorbid with disorders in other diagnostic  categories.  
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