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The Great War:Not called World War I until after World War II was foughtA European war that the US eventually gets involved inBegins the shift of power from Europe to the USCalled the Great War because many countries are involvedThe Great War Begins:Austria-Hungary: the biggest empire of EuropeThe Archduke is Franz Ferdinand He and his wife are traveling to Sarajevo, a city in Austria-Hungary with so many Serbians that they feel they should be a part of Serbia rather than Austria-HungaryA Serbian nationalist assassinates the Archduke and his wife, Sophia on June 28, 1914This is considered the spark that ignites the war It sets off the chain of events that bring many countries into the warJuly 28, 1914: Austria-Hungary declares war on SerbiaWhile the assassination happened in Austria-Hungary it was allegedly planned in Serbia,so they are at fault Because Austria-Hungary is huge and allied with Germany, Serbia enlists the help of RussiaRussia moves troops towards both Austria-Hungary and Germany at the same timeRussia does this because their Czar Nicholas II wants to distract the Russians from the problems that are occurring in their own country Germany then declares war on Russia, who is allied with FranceGermany is at a disadvantage because they are surrounded by enemies on both sides Schlieffen Plan: Defeat France first, and work on the defensive with Russia
They do not want to go to Russia first because it is huge and all of their troops will have to go thereBut once France is defeated, all of their focus will be on Russia In order to get to France, Germany travels through BelgiumEngland is now involved because they considered themselves the protectors of BelgiumIn France, Germany was moving along well, but they got stopped just before getting to ParisOn the western front Trench warfare broke outThis warfare went on for four years, with trenches on either side with a no mans land in between the two sidesThe Great and Total War:Trench Warfare:Hundreds of miles of trenches with no mans land in the middleMachine Guns:A product of the industrial revolutionPoisonous GassesTanksAutomobilesPlanesSubmarinesThe Sides of the War:Allies:Great BritainFrance
Together these two countries make up the major power sourceRussiaSerbiaItalyLater they will switch sidesCentral Powers:GermanyThe main power sourceAustria-HungaryBulgariaOttoman EmpireAmerican Involvement:We only got involved because the war went on long enough for us to get involved One Sided Trade:America is the biggest producer of goods, and in war time both good and money are necessaryAt first we sold to whomever would buy our productsThe Allies began to borrow money from American bans, to buy our goodsIn order to deny the central powers US goods, the British Navy blockades the water way to GermanyInstead of trying to get through the blockade, the US just sold to the Allied PowersGermans begin to view American Merchant ships as enemy ships; they would use