HIST 102 The Great War Notes - The Great War Not called...

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The Great War: Not called World War I until after World War II was fought A European war that the US eventually gets involved in Begins the shift of power from Europe to the US Called the Great War because many countries are involved The Great War Begins: Austria-Hungary: the biggest empire of Europe The Archduke is Franz Ferdinand He and his wife are traveling to Sarajevo, a city in Austria-Hungary with so many Serbians that they feel they should be a part of Serbia rather than Austria-Hungary A Serbian nationalist assassinates the Archduke and his wife, Sophia on June 28, 1914 This is considered the spark that ignites the war It sets off the chain of events that bring many countries into the war July 28, 1914: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia While the assassination happened in Austria-Hungary it was allegedly planned in Serbia, so they are at fault Because Austria-Hungary is huge and allied with Germany, Serbia enlists the help of Russia Russia moves troops towards both Austria-Hungary and Germany at the same time Russia does this because their Czar Nicholas II wants to distract the Russians from the problems that are occurring in their own country Germany then declares war on Russia, who is allied with France Germany is at a disadvantage because they are surrounded by enemies on both sides Schlieffen Plan: Defeat France first, and work on the defensive with Russia
They do not want to go to Russia first because it is huge and all of their troops will have to go there But once France is defeated, all of their focus will be on Russia In order to get to France, Germany travels through Belgium England is now involved because they considered themselves the protectors of Belgium In France, Germany was moving along well, but they got stopped just before getting to Paris On the western front Trench warfare broke out This warfare went on for four years, with trenches on either side with a no mans land in between the two sides The Great and Total War: Trench Warfare: Hundreds of miles of trenches with no mans land in the middle Machine Guns: A product of the industrial revolution Poisonous Gasses Tanks Automobiles Planes Submarines The Sides of the War: Allies: Great Britain France
Together these two countries make up the major power source Russia Serbia Italy Later they will switch sides Central Powers: Germany The main power source Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire American Involvement: We only got involved because the war went on long enough for us to get involved One Sided Trade: America is the biggest producer of goods, and in war time both good and money are necessary At first we sold to whomever would buy our products The Allies began to borrow money from American bans, to buy our goods In order to deny the central powers US goods, the British Navy blockades the water way to Germany Instead of trying to get through the blockade, the US just sold to the Allied Powers Germans begin to view American Merchant ships as enemy ships; they would use

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