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Ayomide_Fashola_-_Unit_8.1_8.2_and_8.3_Reading_Guide_(AMSCO_2020).docx

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APWH|Unit 8 “Cold War and Decolonization” AMSCO 2020 Reading Guide8.1: Setting the Stage for the Cold War and Decolonization,8.2: The Cold War, and8.3 Effects of the Cold WarVocabulary for Section 8.1-8.2Key term/eventSignificanceThe “Big Three”During world war III, the leaders of Great Britain, the united states, and the soviet union.The Tehran ConferenceDuring the Tehran conference in Iran in November 1943, the allies agreed that the soviet union wouldfocus on freeing eastern Europe, while Britain and the united states would concentrate on westernEurope.The Yalta ConferenceBy February 1945, the allies knew that Germany was near defeat, but they disagreed about whatshould happen after Germany’s surrender.The Potsdam ConferenceThe final meeting among leaders of the big three, the Potsdam conference, began in July 1945 inGermany. Harry Truman who had become president after Roosevelt died on April 12, represented, theunited states.SuperpowersThe U.S soviet tensions evident at Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam made conflict likely. However, the highcosts of war meant that neither superpower wanted a full-scale war with the others.Cold WarA conflict does not involve direct military confrontation between two or more rival states. The coldwar between the superpowers played out in propaganda campaigns, secret operations, and an armsrace.Hydrogen BombThat was much more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan at the end of world war II.Military-industrialcomplexThe informal alliance between the government and the large defense contractors, to gain too muchpower.Self-determinationThe idea that each country should choose its own form of government and leaders, was spreading.United NationsThe UN was established in 1945.Iron CurtainThe metaphor of the iron curtains described the split between eastern and western Europe.Satellite CountriesSmall states that are economically or politically dependent on larger, more powerful states wereforceful to import only soviet goods and to export only to the soviet union.World RevolutionA belief that organized workers would overthrow capitalism in all countries.ContainmentU.S diplomat George Kannan worked in the U.S.The Marshall PlanEnacted in June 1947, was designed to offer $12 billion in aid to all nations of Europe, includingGermany.Space RaceIn 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite, called Sputnik, into orbit around Earth,inaugurating what become known as the Space Race. The United States launched its first satellite inJanuary 1958.Section 8.1: Setting the Stage for the Cold War and DecolonizationObjectiveKey DevelopmentsExplain thehistoricalcontext of theCold War afterBringing the War to an EndWho was in the “Big Three”?The leaders of Great Britain, the united states, and the soviet union.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Jack Watkins

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