NGO Semester Notes - NGOs An Overview What is an NGO o Term NGO is understood to refer to those formal selfgoverning non-profit organizations staffed by

NGO Semester Notes - NGOs An Overview What is an NGO o Term...

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NGOs – An Overview What is an NGO o Term NGO is understood to refer to those formal, self- governing, non-profit organizations, staffed by professionals, “engaged in work relating to the areas of development or humanitarian work at local, national or international levels (Lewis and Kanji, 10) o Global south 35,000 large established NGOs (World Vision etc) Some estimates say that there are over 4 million NGOs, including informal stuffs Diverse/different roles Many terms to refer to NGOs Page 9/10 in Lewis of different NGO acronyms Lots of confusion in how to refer to these things NGOs in the GS range from large northern-based (US, Europe, Japan, Australia etc (World Renew etc)) to locally based organizations (AJS – Honduras, Rebuild Africa – Liberia, Shan Women’s Network – Thailand) o NGO in US About 1.5 million NGOs Many activities Women rights, economic developments, etc Some non-political themes/topics Represent every cause imaginable Metro GR area known for philanthropic and charitable giving – close partnerships with local government Grand action – headed by De Vos – came together to get Grand Rapids together o Local NGOs Difference in scale and size National NGOs with local branches (Salvation Army, United Way, Catholic Charities) Locally based NGOs (Mel Trotter, Healthy Homes Coalition of West Michigan, LINC o Non-profit organization Formal organization, organized independently, place constraints on redistribution of earnings, and practice self-governance, have voluntary membership NGOs are one entity within non-profit sector. NPOs include schools, religious organizations, hospitals etc o Non-profits/501(c)(3)
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NPO exempt from federal and local income taxes NPO much broader Church non-profit Calvin College non-profit Spectrum Health is a non-profit Alone in GR has a 2.6 billion dollar budget As opposed to for profit Doesn’t mean “Cannot make profit” Difference: cannot take profit home – all profit has to be reinvested into college No “owner” of Spectrum Health or Calvin What is a GRO o Membership based NGO (type of NGO) lead by marginalized people that organizes to advance a particular caused Specific type of NGO that is more cause oriented Can advance socio-economic development o GRO example: occupy Wall Street Concern among people that Wall Street was taking profits and average citizen couldn’t make ends meat Movement spread to other cities o Large scale Slum/shack dwellers international Better housing in large slums Indian Alliance Peasant Union of Indonesia (SPI) Farmers/forest dwellers trying to provide better livelihood Brazil’s Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) o Small Scale Depends on community/city in Global South o Local GROs National outfits ACORN (no defunct) Association of community organization for reform now Local branches in cities
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  • Spring '11
  • Kuperus
  • Civil War, The Land, Civil society, Non-profit organization, Non-governmental organization, Humanitarian aid

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