1Adolescent DepressionFrank RussoMaster of Social WorkWalden UniversitySOCW 6111: Advanced Clinical Practice IDr. Kimberley BainguelMay 8, 2021
2Adolescent DepressionDepression amongst adolescents is something that is overlooked and failed to be recognized by many parents and educators. According to Froiland (2019), depression is overlooked because adolescents do not always display signs of sadness yet research has shown irritability to be just as high of an indicator of depression amongst this population. However, research continues to provide evidence of new ways to identify and treat adolescent depression through an array of holistic psychotherapy options and a variety of medications. Keles and Idsoe (2018), reported if adolescent depression is left untreated, individuals are faced with future risks of general health problems, unemployment, school dropouts, substance abuse, increased problems in relationships, and even suicide. Review of ResearchConducting a literature review about adolescent depression has been informative and educational. The variety of different academic journals and research studies show the many different root causes, symptoms, and treatment efficacies when dealing with adolescent depression. I have learned new ways to review literature to determine whether the study was viable in determining which intervention was best to utilize as well as learning ways to understand the bias that comes within every study. This information is and will be helpful with identifying appropriate therapeutic techniques that I can use in my future practice as a social worker.Statistical analysis is an important part of understanding adolescent depression. For example, Wang (2020), reported data such as: major depressive disorder among adolescents has risen from 1% to 17%-25% from the age of 12 to the end of adolescence, women are twice as
3likely to experience depression as men with the numbers standing at men’s prevalence being 12% and a women’s being 20%, and 50% of depressed teens have at least one parent whom has suffered from depression. This data provides social workers with important information when assessing for depression. Other statistics reveal the efficacy and impact of different medications that are used to treat adolescent depression. Froiland (2019), reveals statistical analysis surrounding antidepressant treatment and reported that in 2004 a combination of 372 clinical trialsurrounding antidepressant treatment in adolescent’s increased suicidal ideation and behavior in patients by 4 % in those who took the antidepressant compared to 2% who were given a placebo,which resulted in a decrease of medication being prescribed to adolescents to treat depression. However this data continues to change and develop as more and more studies are conducted but are very important in determine which treatment modalities we as social workers decided to use in our practice.