2nd Exam � Greek History Study Guide

2nd Exam � Greek History Study Guide - 2nd Exam...

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2 nd Exam – Greek History Study Guide Archaic Period: C. 700-500 BC (pg. 62) Archaic Period: C. 700-500 BC (pg. 62) Polis: “city” “town” from the 18 th century on, polis designated a political community, comprised of a principal city or town and its surrounding countryside which together formed a self governing entity, the “city state”. The small polis was the principal form of Greek community. Demos : A territory and the people who in it thus “the land” and “the people”. - Aristocrats increasingly used it as an exclusive word for commoners/the masses. The Local Basileus : The leaders, of the districts, towns and villages of the demos. - The most influential aristocrat, who owned the most land, where the planners and the architects of the new centralized government of emerging city-states. Archon (Athens)/ Prytanis (Corinth): the most common names for the chief officer, the highest-ranking magistrate in the early city-states. Oligarchy : “rule of the few” - the collective leadership of a city-state, which made governmental decisions. - They included powerful families that would divide themselves up into spheres of authority: administrative, military, religious and judicial – creating magistracies and boards. - Positions of authority could not be inherited and their rule was brief. Polemarchos: “the war leader”, held position in some polis (Athens and Megara) The Board of Magistrates: supervised religious activities, also judged crimes having to do with religion such a homicide (which polluted the community) The Colonizing Movement (pg 65) The Colonizing Movement (pg 65) Metropilis : The “mother” polis had to choose the site for the new city, obtain divine approval for it and plan out the new settlement and choose its Oikistes (its founder) The Oikist: Made decisions for the new city. The person that was responsible for leading out the colonists, laying out the cities defenses, establishing sanctuaries of the gods and assigning the kleroi of the settlers. Expansion was driven by 2 needs: 1. To satisfy the Greeks growing appetite for imported goods, especially scarce metals 2. To provide citizens of the motherland enough fertile land to live a good life in their new polis. Colonization at this time was important because: Economic/Social Divisions in the Archaic Poleis (pg 68) Economic/Social Divisions in the Archaic Poleis (pg 68) Hoi Agathoi (the good): name the wealthy called themselves to cultivate am image of superiority based on the basis of their wealth and ancestry. Hoi Kakoi (the bad) and Hoi Polloi (the many): name the wealthy would call people that were lump those outside the landed nobility. Helots-…? Slavery – Still apart of the Archaic divisions, and starting to thrive. People capture/purchase slaves they have no freedom/rights, were classified as human property.
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Archaic Citizens (pg 70) Archaic Citizens (pg 70) - To become a citizen of the Polis you usually had to be born into it. -
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2nd Exam � Greek History Study Guide - 2nd Exam...

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