recordlabels - I. The Freed Aftermath Dick Clark host of...

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I. The Freed Aftermath Dick Clark – host of TV’s American Bandstand takes as much money as Freed but has the backing of his bosses at ABC End of payola as they knew it II. Rise of the Independent Labels Key factors contributing to the rise of indie labels in the post-WWII era o Wartime rationing of shellac—major labels drop “race music” and country artists o Postwar economic recovery—more $$ for teens and African Americans o Payola In the early 1950s—(roughly) 100 independent record labels in operation III. Chess Records 1949—Philip and Leonard Chess buy Aristocrat Records and rename it Chess. By the 1950s, Chess becomes the most important label recording urban electric blues. Willie Dixon—Chess’s chief songwriter, talent scout, bassist and musical arranger. Dixon wrote over 200 songs including “I Just Want to Make Love to You,” “Little Red Rooster,” and “Hoochie Coochie Man.” Chess’s best-known blues artists: o Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield, 1915-1983)
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recordlabels - I. The Freed Aftermath Dick Clark host of...

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