(RP 1) LACK PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL SKILLED LABOUR IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA..docx

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LACK PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL SKILLED LABOUR IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA. 1. INTRODUCTION Hamid et al., (2013) state that the most important industries in the country that closely have relationship and related to other economic sectors is the construction industry. According to Hamid et al., (2013), construction industry is also a sector that plays an important role in economic development, economic growth and most of the resources are used for national development. Construction industry become an important role in all major industrial sector. Such as fixed capital, housing, services and others. In general, the output of the construction industry is large, heavy and expensive. Construction industry consist of various types of building, civil engineering and infrastructure. In fact , construction industry is one of the sectors that require the labour intensive to full fill the work site. Malaysia have foreign labour and local labour that normally related to construction industry. From the foreign and local labour, it can be a skilled labour, semi-skilled labour and unskilled labour from various types of construction. According to Gudiene et al., (2013), skilled labour is considered to be one of the critical factors of production in construction projects. Abdul-Rahman et al., (2012) state the Malaysian construction industry provides employment opportunities for 800,000 workers, equivalent to 8% of the total workforce and 69% of these are foreign workers. This also has led to the local skilled labour shortage in Malaysia construction industry. Nowadays, most Malaysians are not interested to work in construction industry as they think its 3D works, dirty, dangerous and difficult. They are more interesting to work in air-conditioned offices rather than the harsh and risky workplace as the construction sites. Skilled labour play very important role in the success of a construction project and stands tall in the advent of sophistication and technology in building construction project delivery. 2. PROBLEM STATEMENT The biggest problem that occurs in construction industry in Malaysia is lack of local participating for a long time ago while lacked of local skilled worker is the most critical part for it. Thornton and Business (2012) state globally there is an average of 39 per cent shortfall in skill workers and the figures are higher in Singapore and Malaysia at more than 60 per cent. Labour force shortage and lack of skilled labour present major challenges for long-term economic viability and project performance. Projects facing a shortage of skilled labours generally have a tight schedule to achieve project targets (Hossein et al., 2018).
According to Hussain et al. (2020) state that skilled labour issues on a project can be affected by both labour quantity and quality matters. Certainly, lack of skilled labour and inexperienced labour result in late delivery of project completion, cost and schedule overrun, and lack of quality in construction projects (Hussain et al., 2020).

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