LACK PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL SKILLED LABOURIN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA.1. INTRODUCTIONHamid et al., (2013) state that the most important industries in the country thatclosely have relationship and related to other economic sectors is the construction industry.According to Hamid et al., (2013), construction industry is also a sector that plays animportant role in economic development, economic growth and most of the resources areused for national development. Construction industry become an important role in all majorindustrial sector. Such as fixed capital, housing, services and others. In general, the outputof the construction industry is large, heavy and expensive. Construction industry consist ofvarious types of building, civil engineering and infrastructure. In fact, construction industry isone of the sectors that require the labour intensive to full fill the work site. Malaysia have foreign labour and local labour that normally related to constructionindustry. From the foreign and local labour, it can be a skilled labour, semi-skilled labour andunskilled labour from various types of construction. According to Gudiene et al., (2013),skilled labour is considered to be one of the critical factors of production in constructionprojects. Abdul-Rahman et al., (2012) state the Malaysian construction industry providesemployment opportunities for 800,000 workers, equivalent to 8% of the total workforce and69% of these are foreign workers. This also has led to the local skilled labour shortage inMalaysia construction industry. Nowadays, most Malaysians are not interested to work inconstruction industry as they think its 3D works, dirty, dangerous and difficult. They are moreinteresting to work in air-conditioned offices rather than the harsh and risky workplace as theconstruction sites. Skilled labour play very important role in the success of a constructionproject and stands tall in the advent of sophistication and technology in building constructionproject delivery. 2. PROBLEM STATEMENTThe biggest problem that occurs in construction industry in Malaysia is lack of localparticipating for a long time ago while lacked of local skilled worker is the most critical partfor it. Thornton and Business (2012) state globally there is an average of 39 per centshortfall in skill workers and the figures are higher in Singapore and Malaysia at more than60 per cent. Labour force shortage and lack of skilled labour present major challenges forlong-term economic viability and project performance. Projects facing a shortage of skilledlabours generally have a tight schedule to achieve project targets (Hossein et al., 2018).
According to Hussain et al. (2020) state that skilled labour issues on a project can beaffected by both labour quantity and quality matters. Certainly, lack of skilled labour andinexperienced labour result in late delivery of project completion, cost and schedule overrun,and lack of quality in construction projects (Hussain et al., 2020).